Camera test at Foljesjon, a lake in a research area west of Vanersborg, Sweden.

Red clover genome to help restore sustainable farming

Six red clover varieties with diverse architectures and traits have recently been selected as parents of the next year generation, after positive field trails in IBERS last summer that scored plants from around Europe. These activities are part of the project 'Comparative population genomics of red clover domestication and improvement' funded by BBSRCThe Genome Analysis Centre (TGAC) in collaboration with IBERS, has sequenced and assembled the DNA of red clover to help breeders improve the beneficial traits of this important forage crop....

John Innes Centre scientists use CRISPR technology to edit crop genes

A team of scientists from the John Innes Centre and The Sainsbury Laboratory (UK), have shown that the very latest gene-editing technology CRISPR, can be used to make targeted changes or edits to specific genes in two UK crops, a broccoli-like Brassica and barley.CRISPR gene-editing is allowing rapid scientific advances in many fields, including human health and now it has been shown that crop research can also benefit from this latest exciting technology.

NASA sees Tropical Cyclone Tuni becomes extra-tropical

This composite image from NOAA's GOES-West satellite and NASA/JAXA's GPM satellites show how wind shear pushed clouds and rainfall southeast of Tuni's center on Nov. 29 at 2152 UTC (4:52 p.m. EST).West satellite saw the Southern Pacific Ocean's Tropical Storm Tuni was being battered by wind shear and had lost its tropical characteristics.

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Not all Canadians feeling the heat of climate change

While Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau is in Paris hammering out the details of the global fight against climate change, a new study out of the University of Montreal and...

Earth's first ecosystems were more complex than previously thought, study finds

Computer simulations have allowed scientists, led by Dr Imran Rahman of the University of Bristol, UK to work out how this 555-million-year-old organism with no known modern relatives fed.  Their research reveals that some of the first large, complex organisms on Earth formed ecosystems that were much more complex than previously thought.Computer simulations have allowed scientists to work out how a puzzling 555-million-year-old organism with no known modern relatives fed, revealing that some of the first large, complex organisms on Earth...

Mystery of how snakes lost their legs solved by reptile fossil

Modern snake skull, with inner ear shown in orange.Fresh analysis of a reptile fossil is helping scientists solve an evolutionary puzzle - how snakes lost their limbs.

Graphene microphone outperforms traditional nickel and offers ultrasonic reach

Generic microphone on sound desk is shown.Scientists have developed a graphene based microphone nearly 32 times more sensitive than microphones of standard nickel-based construction.

Eggshell porosity can be used to infer the type of nest built by extinct archosaurs

Schematic diagram of archosaur eggshell with high porosity (A) and low porosity (B), modified from [18]; tangential thin sections of living covered nester <i>Caiman latirostris</i> (C), living open nester <i>Pavo cristatus</i> (D), and non-avian maniraptoran <i>Troodon formosus</i> (E). Abbreviations; A, individual pore area; D, pore density; Ls, pore length. Arrows indicate pore canals.Extinct archosaurs' eggshell porosity may be used as a proxy for predicting covered or exposed nest types, according to a study published November 25, 2015 in the open-access journal PLOS...

Progesterone supplements do not improve outcomes for recurrent miscarriages

New research from the University of Birmingham has shown that progesterone supplements in the first trimester of pregnancy do not improve outcomes in women with a history of unexplained recurrent...

Massive 'development corridors' in Africa could spell environmental disaster

This photo shows a savannah elephant, one of many animals expected to be affected by poaching with a dramatic expansion of African roads.Saharan Africa, dozens of major 'development corridors,' including roads, railroads, pipelines, and port facilities, are in the works to increase agricultural production, mineral exports, and economic integration. And, if all...

Study suggests bees aren't the be all and end all for crop pollination

Non-bee pollinators make up approximately 1/3rd of crop pollination services.  Here a syrphid fly, a common non-bee crop pollinator, is shown alighting on coriander flowers.Farmers who used pesticides that spared bees but sacrificed killed other insects might be ignoring important sources of crop pollination, according to an Australian-led international scientific study.

Looking back 3.8 billion years into the root of the 'Tree of Life'

This image shows Georgia Tech Professor Loren Williams (left) and Research Scientist Anton Petrov in front of a large tree that symbolizes the growth and accretion of the ribosome over time.NASA-funded researchers at the Georgia Institute of Technology are tapping information found in the cells of all life on Earth, and using it to trace life's evolution. They have learned...

Researchers find new phase of carbon, make diamond at room temperature

Researchers from North Carolina State University have discovered a new phase of solid carbon, called Q-carbon, which is distinct from the known phases of graphite and diamond. They have also...

Simulation shows key to building powerful magnetic fields

This is a visualization of the strong, ordered magnetic field built up by dynamo action in the core of a rapidly rotating, collapsed star.When certain massive stars use up all of their fuel and collapse onto their cores, explosions 10 to 100 times brighter than the average supernova occur. Exactly how this happens...

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New study reveals what's behind a tarantula's blue hue

This is a microscopic image of a multilayer nanostructure inside a tarantula's hair that is responsible for its vibrant blue color.Scientists recently discovered that tiny, multilayer nanostructures inside a tarantula's hair are responsible for its vibrant color. The science behind how these hair-raising spiders developed their blue hue may lead...

Scientists spot jets from supermassive black hole snacking on a star

This artists impression shows a black hole consuming a star that has been torn apart by the black hole's strong gravity. As a result of this massive hole; the black hole begins to launch a powerful jet that we can detect with radio telescopes.Scientists have discovered a hungry black hole swallowing a star at the centre of a nearby galaxy.

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Can Paris pledges avert severe climate change?

More than 190 countries are meeting in Paris next week to create a durable framework for addressing climate change and to implement a process to reduce greenhouse gases over time....

Rapid plankton growth in ocean seen as sign of carbon dioxide loading

This is a scanning electron microscope image of a coccolithophore, which can measure from 5 to 15 microns across, less than a fifth the width of a human hair.A microscopic marine alga is thriving in the North Atlantic to an extent that defies scientific predictions, suggesting swift environmental change as a result of increased carbon dioxide in the...

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Insect DNA extracted, sequenced from black widow spider web

Southern black widow spider (<em>Latrodectus mactans</em>) is with its prey house cricket (<em>Acheta domesticus</em>) trapped in spider web.Scientists extracted DNA from spider webs to identify the web's spider architect and the prey that crossed it, according to this proof-of-concept study published November 25, 2015 in the open-access...

Global growth in CO2 emissions stagnates

After a decade of rapid growth in global CO2 emissions, which increased at an average annual rate of 4%, much smaller increases were registered in 2012 (0.8%), 2013 (1.5%) and...

New gene map reveals cancer's Achilles heel

Scientists have mapped out the genes that keep our cells alive, creating a long-awaited foothold for understanding how our genome works and which genes are crucial in disease like cancer.

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