A fossil of <em>Atopodenatus unicus</em> is alongside a reconstruction showing what it would have looked like in life.

Rapid, low-cost detection of Zika virus using paper-based synthetic gene networks

University of Toronto Assistant Professor of Pharmacy Keith PardeeUniversity of Toronto Assistant Professor of Pharmacy Keith Pardee and an international team of collaborators, including scientists from the Wyss Institute at Harvard University, have developed a low-cost, easy-to-use diagnostic...

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Silk keeps fruit fresh without refrigeration, according to Tufts study

Half of the world's fruit and vegetable crops are lost during the food supply chain, due mostly to premature deterioration of these perishable foods, according to the Food and Agriculture...

Experts decipher the disease behind one of the world's most famous paintings

It is one of the most famous paintings in American history: Christina's World, by Andrew Wyeth. The painting, which hangs in the Museum of Modern Art in New York, depicts...

Scientists are first to discover sensory system that detects air humidity

Humidity can make us feel miserable -- think of sultry summer days in Chicago, for example -- but humans do not have dedicated sensory systems in the skin to detect...

Significant portion of postdoc researchers eye non-academic careers, study shows

Henry Sauermann is an associate professor in Georgia Tech's Scheller College of Business.For doctoral students studying science, technology, engineering and mathematics, landing a job as a research-oriented college or university faculty member typically requires having spent time as a postdoctoral researcher.

Satellites to see Mercury enter spotlight on May 9

It happens only a little more than once a decade and the next chance to see it is Monday, May 9, 2016. Throughout the U.S., sky watchers can watch Mercury...

Expanding tropics pushing high altitude clouds towards poles, NASA study finds

The Hadley cells describe how air moves through the tropics on either side of the equator. They are two of six major air circulation cells on Earth.A new NASA analysis of 30-years of satellite data suggests that a previously observed trend of high altitude clouds in the mid-latitudes shifting toward the poles is caused primarily by...

Speedy ion conduction in solid electrolytes clears road for advanced energy devices

An ORNL-led research team found the key to fast ion conduction in a solid electrolyte. Tiny features maximize ion transport pathways, represented by red and green.In a rechargeable battery, the electrolyte transports lithium ions from the negative to the positive electrode during discharging. The path of ionic flow reverses during recharging. The organic liquid electrolytes...

Getting a better measure of spin with diamond

Jefferson Lab's Hall C Compton Polarimeter measures the polarization of the CEBAF electron beam just before it reaches the experiment.  The electrons collide with laser light -- some of the electrons are knocked of their nominal path and are separated from the main beam by a dipole. The dipole acts on the electrons in a manner similar to the way a prism acts on light, separating out the slower-moving electrons that came from collisions with the laser. These slower electrons are then counted in a detector, which allows the determination of the polarization.Diamonds are one of the most coveted gemstones. But while some may want the perfect diamond for its sparkle, physicists covet the right diamonds to perfect their experiments. The gem...

World's shallowest slow-motion earthquakes detected offshore of New Zealand

Scientists deploy an ocean bottom seismometer and absolute pressure gauge offshore of Gisborne, New Zealand from the R/V Tangaroa.Research published in the May 6 edition of Science indicates that slow-motion earthquakes or "slow-slip events" can rupture the shallow portion of a fault that also moves in large, tsunami-generating...

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Bright dusty galaxies are hiding secret companions

A portion of the region of the sky investigated by the paper, as seen by Herschel.  This region is about 1.5 times the size of the full moon in the sky.A new University of Sussex study has cleared the air on what lies behind hot dust visible in the distant universe.

Teaching computers to understand human languages

Researchers at the University of Liverpool have developed a set of algorithms that will help teach computers to process and understand human languages.

How did birds get their wings? Bacteria may provide a clue, say scientists

How did birds get their wings? Bacteria may provide a clue, say scientists

Australian swift parrot listed as critically endangered

These are swift parrot chicks.The Australian Government has listed the iconic Tasmanian swift parrot as critically endangered, lifting its status from endangered, following research by The Australian National University (ANU).

Evidence that Zika causes neural stem cells to self-destruct

This image shows the effects of a TLR inhibitor on a Zika-infected brain organoid.A new addition in the growing number of studies using brain organoids to understand how the Zika virus leads to microcephaly reveals that human neural stem cells infected by the...

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Fastest-ever molecular imaging reveals reaction crucial for vision

Every process that sustains life is carried out by proteins, but understanding how these complex molecules do their jobs depends on learning the arrangement of their atoms -- and how...

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Six new fossil species form 'snapshot' of primates stressed by ancient climate change

This is a left lower jaw of <i>Yunnanadapis folivorus</i>, one of six new fossil species found in southern China.In a study to be published this week in the journal Science, researchers describe unearthing a "mother lode" of a half-dozen fossil primate species in southern China.

UCI astronomers determine precise mass of a giant black hole

Astronomers from the University of California, Irvine and other universities have derived a highly precise measurement of the mass of a black hole at the center of a nearby giant...

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Why vultures matter -- and what we lose if they're gone

Hooded Vultures and Thick-billed Ravens searching for food in an urban setting, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.Vultures. Cartoon characters in parched deserts often wish them to disappear, since circling vultures are a stereotypical harbinger of death. But, joking aside, vultures in some parts of the world...

Analysis of more than 1.5 million people finds meat consumption raises mortality rates

Evidence shows that physicians should encourage patients to limit animal products when possible and substitute red meat and processed red meat with plant-based foods.A review of large-scale studies involving more than 1.5 million people found all-cause mortality is higher for those who eat meat, particularly red or processed meat, on a daily basis....

First gene linked to temperature sex switch

This is a snapping turtle.The sex of many reptile species is set by temperature. New research reported in the journal GENETICS identifies the first gene associated with temperature-dependent sex determination in any reptile. Variation...

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