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Yingfu Li is a professor in the Departments of Biochemistry and Biomedical Sciences, Chemistry and Chemical Biology.

First comprehensive analysis of the woolly mammoth genome completed

The first comprehensive analysis of the woolly mammoth genome reveals extensive genetic changes that allowed mammoths to adapt to life in the arctic.The first comprehensive analysis of the woolly mammoth genome reveals extensive genetic changes that allowed mammoths to adapt to life in the arctic. Mammoth genes that differed from their counterparts...

The bizarre mating habits of flatworms

Microscopic image of <em>Macrostomum hystrix</em> shows the anterior eyes (1) in the head, followed by the paired testes (2), paired ovaries (3), developing eggs (4), the female genitalia containing three mature eggs (5), and the male genital region in the tail of the worm (6).Failing to find a mating partner is a dent to the reproductive prospects of any animal, but in the flatworm species Macrostomum hystrix it might involve a real headache. Zoologists...

Freshwater and ocean acidification stunts growth of developing pink salmon

This image shows measuring the oxygen consumption of developing pink salmon.Pink salmon that begin life in freshwater with high concentrations of carbon dioxide, which causes acidification, are smaller and may be less likely to survive, according to a new study...

Key element of human language discovered in bird babble

This is a chestnut-crowned babbler.Stringing together meaningless sounds to create meaningful signals was previously thought to be the preserve of humans alone, but a new study has revealed that babbler birds are also able...

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Rats 'dream' paths to a brighter future

An illustration of a sleeping rat. This was part of a paper published in the open access <i>eLife</i> journal suggesting that rats 'dream' paths to a brighter future.

The research at UCL (University College London) found that when rats rest, their brains simulate journeys to a desired future such as a tasty treat.When rats rest, their brains simulate journeys to a desired future such as a tasty treat, finds new UCL research funded by the Wellcome Trust and Royal Society.

Starfish that clone themselves live longer

These are <i>Coscinasterias tenuispina</i> starfish.Starfish that reproduce through cloning avoid ageing to a greater extent than those that propagate through sexual reproduction. This is shown by a new research study in which researchers from...

TSRI team gets new close-up view of key part of Ebola virus life cycle

The Scripps Research Institute team's high-resolution image revealed how a viral protein called VP35 helps protect the Ebola virus from the body's immune system.A new study led by scientists at The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI) reveals a key part of the Ebola virus life cycle at a higher resolution than ever before. The...

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First species of yeti crab found in Antarctica named after British deep-sea biologist

This is a male (larger crab) and female Yeti Crab <i>Kiwa tyleri</i> at Antarctic hydrothermal vents.The first species of Yeti Crab from hydrothermal vent systems of the East Scotia Ridge in the Southern Ocean, Antarctica, has been described by a team of British scientists.

Lefties are all right with kangaroos

This is an Eastern grey kangaroo manipulating food with one forelimb.Kangaroos prefer to use one of their hands over the other for everyday tasks in much the same way that humans do, with one notable difference: generally speaking, kangaroos are...

Researchers discover new enzyme, link to iron in vitamin A synthesis

This is Dr. Aimin Liu, Distinguished University Professor of chemistry and biochemistry at Georgia State University.A research team's discovery of new information about how plants synthesize carotenoids, precursors for vitamin A that are essential for plant development and survival, and human health, could help scientists...

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Tough tail of a seahorse may provide robotic solutions

This image shows the skeletal structure of a seahorse with its classice square tail.One of the ocean's oddest little creatures, the seahorse, is providing inspiration for robotics researchers as they learn from nature how to build robots that have capabilities sometimes at odds...

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A tale of 2 (soil) cities

A soil sample with the remains of plant leaves after three weeks inside the sample. The leaf is shown in green. In gray are the mycelia of fungi consuming the leaf.As we walk along a forest path, the soil beneath our feet seems like a uniform substance. However, it is an intricate network of soil particles, pores, minerals, soil microbes,...

Study finds males may contribute to offspring's mental development before pregnancy

The offspring of mother mice exposed to male pheromones before pregnancy displayed greater intelligence compared to other mice.A new study from Indiana University provides evidence in mice that males may play a positive role in the development of offspring's brains starting before pregnancy.

Virus-carrying mosquitoes are more widespread than ever, and spreading

Scientists behind the first global distribution maps of two species of dengue and chikungunya-carrying mosquitoes warn they are spreading to new areas where they could cause disease.

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Fingerprinting our sense of smell

The olfactory fingerprint of the person in the middle remains consistent, even after 30 days (right), but is very different from that of another person (left).Each of us has, in our nose, about six million smell receptors of around four hundred different types. The distribution of these receptors varies from person to person - so...

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Corals are already adapting to global warming, scientists say

A new study shows that some corals, like these along the Northern part of the Great Barrier Reef, have the genes to adapt to warmer oceans.Some coral populations already have genetic variants necessary to tolerate warm ocean waters, and humans can help to spread these genes, a team of scientists from The University of Texas...

Genetic discovery uncovers key tool for morphine production in poppies

Scientists at the University of York and GlaxoSmithKline (GSK) Australia have made a key genetic discovery in poppies, paving the way for more effective painkillers.

Rainbow of glowing corals discovered in depths of the Red Sea

The fluorescence of this <i>Lobophyllia</i> coral can change from green to red when exposed to violet light.Glowing corals that display a surprising array of colours have been discovered in the deep water reefs of the Red Sea by scientists from the University of Southampton, UK, Tel...

Stanford researcher declares that the sixth mass extinction is here

There is no longer any doubt: We are entering a mass extinction that threatens humanity's existence.

Researchers discover first sensor of Earth's magnetic field in an animal

Inside the head of the worm <i>C. elegans</i>, the TV antenna-like structure at the tip of the AFD neuron (green) is the first identified sensor for Earth's magnetic field.A team of scientists and engineers at The University of Texas at Austin has identified the first sensor of the Earth's magnetic field in an animal, finding in the brain...

What fish ears can tell us about sex, surveillance and sustainability

Scientists at the University of Southampton have found a way to pry into the private lives of fish - by looking in their ears.

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