Popular Science articles about Paleontology & Archaeology

Macaws flying over the rainforest canopy at dawn. The study found that bird lineages that inhabit the forest canopy, such as these macaws, accumulate fewer species over evolutionary time than do bird lineages that inhabit the forest understory.

Fossils cast doubt on climate-change projections on habitats

Edward Davis, professor of geological sciences at the University of Oregon, says that the fossil record of five mammalian species shows that they didn't live where modeling suggested they should have for surviving the last ice age.Leave it to long-dead short-tailed shrew and flying squirrels to outfox climate-modelers trying to predict future habitats.

A/C came standard on armored dinosaur models

Sweating, panting, moving to the shade, or taking a dip are all time-honored methods used by animals to cool down. The implicit goal of these adaptations is always to keep...

Exquisite ancient horse fossil preserves uterus with unborn foal

A specimen of the ancient horse Eurohippus messelensis has been discovered in Germany that preserves a fetus as well as parts of the uterus and associated tissues. It demonstrates that...

Complete 9,000-year-old frozen bison mummy found in Siberia

Many large charismatic mammals went extinct at the end of the Ice Age (approx 11,000 years ago), including the Steppe bison, Bison priscus. A recent find in Eastern Siberia has...

Compared with apes, people's gut bacteria lack diversity, study finds

Chimpanzees are shown in Gombe Stream National Park.The microbes living in people's guts are much less diverse than those in humans' closest relatives, the African apes, an apparently long evolutionary trend that appears to be speeding up...

Genomic data support early contact between Easter Island and Americas

This image shows Botocudos Chief Brasil.People may have been making their way from Easter Island to the Americas well before the Dutch commander Jakob Roggeveen arrived with his ships in 1722, according to new genomic...

Mummy remains refute antiquity of ankylosing spondylitis

Here is the author, Sahar Saleem, Kasr Al Ainy Faculty of Medicine.Ankylosing spondylitis is a systemic disease that causes inflammation in the spinal joints and was thought to have affected members of the ancient Egyptian royal families. Now a new study...

Researchers solve riddle of the rock pools

The rock goby can change both its color and brightness to match its background in just one minute.Research from the University of Exeter has revealed that the rock goby (Gobius paganellus), an unassuming little fish commonly found in rock pools around Britain, southern Europe, and North Africa,...

University of Leicester archaeologists discover bronze remains of Iron Age chariot

Here is the chariot linch pin from three angles, showing the intricate decoration at the ends.University of Leicester archaeologists have made a "once-in-a-career" discovery of the decorated bronze remains of an Iron Age chariot.

Greek Bronze Age ended 100 years earlier than thought, new evidence suggests

Conventional estimates for the collapse of the Aegean civilization may be incorrect by up to a century, according to new radiocarbon analyses.

Ancient New Zealand 'Dawn Whale' identified by Otago researchers

University of Otago researchers have described a new genus of ancient baleen whales that they have named <i>Tohoraata</i> (a M&#257;ori term which can be translated as Dawn Whale). The genus belongs to the toothless filter-feeding family Eomysticetidae, and it is the first time members of this family have been identified in the Southern Hemisphere.
They named the younger of the two fossil whales, which may be a descendent of the elder, as <i>Tohoraata raekohao</i> (pictured). <i>Raekohao</i> means 'holes in the forehead.' 
Researcher Robert Boessenecker says this whale lived between 26-25 million years ago and vaguely resembles a minke whale but was more slender and serpent-like. Its skull, which contains a number of holes near its eye sockets for arteries, was probably about 2 meters in length and the whole animal would have been 8 meters long.University of Otago palaeontologists are rewriting the history of New Zealand's ancient whales by describing a previously unknown genus of fossil baleen whales and two species within it.

Archaeologists discover remains of Ice Age infants in Alaska

University of Alaska Fairbanks professors Ben Potter and Josh Reuther excavate the burial pit at the Upward Sun River site.The remains of two Ice Age infants, buried more than 11,000 years ago at a site in Alaska, represent the youngest human remains ever found in northern North America, according...

Scientific collaborative publishes landmark study on the evolution of insects

Dr. Michelle Trautwein, Assistant Curator of Dipterology at the California Academy of Sciences, added fly expertise to a first-ever evolutionary roadmap of insects. Study results suggest insects first developed wings before any other animal, over 400 million years ago.An international team of more than 100 researchers--including Dr. Michelle Trautwein of the California Academy of Sciences--has published the first modern roadmap of insect evolution. Understanding how insects are related...

New insights into an old bird

The dodo is among the most famous extinct creatures, and a poster child for human-caused extinction events. Despite its notoriety, and the fact that the species was alive during recorded...

First amphibious ichthyosaur discovered, filling evolutionary gap

The first fossil of an amphibious ichthyosaur has been discovered in China by a team led by researchers at the University of California, Davis. The discovery is the first to...

Lack of oxygen delayed the rise of animals on Earth

Christopher Reinhard and Noah Planavsky conduct research for the study in China.Geologists are letting the air out of a nagging mystery about the development of animal life on Earth.

Bite to the death: Sugarbag bees launch all-conquering raids

They may be tiny and stingless but there's nothing sweet and innocent about a species of native sugarbag bee when it goes to war over a coveted honey-filled hive.

Secrets of dinosaur ecology found in fragile amber

Ryan McKellar's research sounds like it was plucked from Jurassic Park: he studies pieces of amber found buried with dinosaur skeletons. But rather than re-creating dinosaurs, McKellar uses the tiny...

Dinosaur breathing study shows that noses enhanced smelling and cooled brain

It's been millions of years since T. rex took its last breath, but a team led by Ohio University scientists is breathing life back into dinosaurs using high-powered computer simulations...

Earliest-known lamprey larva fossils unearthed in Inner Mongolia

Here are specimens and restorations of larva, early transformer, and adult of <i>M. mengae</i>, showing its three-phased life cycle. (A) Larva of <i>M. mengae</i>. a1, restoration of larval <i>M. mengae</i>; a2, restoration of burrowing larvae of <i>M. mengae</i>; a3, photograph of right view. (B) Early transformer of <i>M. mengae</i>. b1, restoration; b2, photograph of right view. (C) Adult or late transformer of <i>M. mengae</i>. c1, photograph of holotype of <i>M. mengae</i> in right view; and c2, its
restoration.Few people devote time to pondering the ancient origins of the eel-like lamprey, yet the evolutionary saga of the bloodsucker holds essential clues to the biological roots of humanity.

Ancient rhino-relatives were water-loving

Pictured here are two jaws from anthracobunids recovered from 48 million year old sediments next to a horse skull.  The study found that anthracobunids were an ancient relative of horses, rhinos, and tapirs.The discovery of new bones from a large land mammal that lived about 48 million years ago has led scientists to identify a new branch of mammals closely related to...

More news about Paleontology & Archaeology

Breaking science news from the newsfeed about Paleontology & Archaeology