Popular Science articles about Paleontology & Archaeology

<em>Gorgosaurus</em> is shown using its specialized teeth for feeding on a young <em>Corythosaurus</em> in Alberta, 75 million years ago.

Centuries-old shipwreck discovered off North Carolina coast

Shipwreck 1: The research vessel Atlantis with the submersible Alvin hanging off its sterm. (credit: Luis Lamar, Woods Hood Oceanographic Institution); 
Shipwreck 2:One of nine glass bottles observed at the site of a centuries-old shipwreck off the North Carolina coast. (credit: WHOI)Scanning sonar from a scientific expedition has revealed the remains of a previously unknown shipwreck more than a mile deep off the North Carolina coast. Artifacts on the wreck indicate...

Feathered cousin of 'Jurassic Park' star unearthed in China

This is an artist's impression of <i>Zhenyuanlong suni</i>.A newly identified species of feathered dinosaur is the largest ever discovered to have a well-preserved set of bird-like wings, research suggests.

Horned dinosaur discovery sheds light on nose horn evolution in Triceratops family

This is a life reconstruction of <I>Wendiceratops pinhornensis</I> gen. et sp. nov.Scientists have discovered Wendiceratops pinhornensis, a new species of horned dinosaur based on fossils collected from a bone bed in southern Alberta, Canada, according to a study published July 8,...

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Complexity before size: Old world monkey had a tiny but complex brain

This is a three-dimensional computer model of the tiny but complex brain of <I>Victoriapithecus</I>, an Old World monkey who lived 15 million years ago.The oldest known Old World monkey, Victoriapithecus, first made headlines in 1997 when its fossilized skull was discovered on an island in Kenya's Lake Victoria, where it lived 15 million...

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Newly discovered 48-million-year-old lizard walked on water in Wyoming

A newly-discovered, 48-million-year-old fossil, known as a "Jesus lizard" for its ability to walk on water, may provide insight into how climate change may affect tropical species, according to a...

Spiky monsters: New species of 'super-armored' worm discovered

This is <i>Collinsium ciliosum</i>, a Collins' monster-type lobopodian from the early Cambrian Xiaoshiba biota of China.A new species of 'super-armoured' worm, a bizarre, spike-covered creature which ate by filtering nutrients out of seawater with its feather-like front legs, has been identified by palaeontologists. The creature,...

An early European had a close Neandertal ancestor

DNA taken from a 40,000-year-old modern human jawbone reveals that this man had a Neandertal ancestor as recently as four to six generations back.Neandertals became extinct about 40,000 years ago but contributed on average one to three percent to the genomes of present-day Eurasians. Researchers have now analyzed DNA from a 37,000 to...

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Fossil of large 'walking' bat discovered in New Zealand reveals ancient lineage

<i>Mystacina tuberculata</i> foraging on South Island, New Zealand.Fossilised remains of a new bat species, which lived 16 million years ago, walked on four limbs and was three times larger than today's average bat, have been discovered in...

Archaeologists discover evidence of prehistoric gold trade route

This image depicts panning for gold in Ireland.Archaeologists at the University of Southampton have found evidence of an ancient gold trade route between the south-west of the UK and Ireland. A study suggests people were trading...

New species of horned dinosaur with 'bizarre' features revealed

This is a photograph of the skull of the new horned dinosaur <i>Regaliceratops peterhewsi</i> (Royal Tyrrell Museum of Palaeontology 2005.055.0001) in oblique view.About 10 years ago, Peter Hews stumbled across some bones sticking out of a cliff along the Oldman River in southeastern Alberta, Canada. Now, scientists describe in the Cell Press...

Mammoths killed by abrupt climate change

This image shows mammoth vertebrae in ice, Yukon Territory, Canada.New research has revealed abrupt warming, that closely resembles the rapid man-made warming occurring today, has repeatedly played a key role in mass extinction events of large animals, the megafauna,...

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Jurassic saw fastest mammal evolution

Research led by Oxford University scientists shows that mammals were evolving up to ten times faster in the middle of the Jurassic than they were at the end of the period. An illustration showing docodonts, now extinct mammals that saw an explosion of skeletal and dental changes (including the special molar teeth that give them their name), in the Middle Jurassic.Mammals were evolving up to ten times faster in the middle of the Jurassic than they were at the end of the period, coinciding with an explosion of new adaptations,...

Bumblebees disappearing as climate warms in North America and Europe, study finds

Bumblebees are rapidly declining in both North America and Europe, and a new study points to climate change as the major factor. The study, a comprehensive analysis of how climate...

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Mass extinction event from South Africa's Karoo

This is an illustration of the Guadalupian extinction.An international team led by researchers from the Evolutionary Studies Institute (ESI) at the University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, has obtained an age from rocks of the Great Karoo that...

New study shows South Africans using milk-based paint 49,000 years ago

An international research team led by the University of Colorado Boulder and the University of Witwatersrand in Johannesburg, South Africa has discovered a milk-and ochre-based paint dating to 49,000 years...

Dagger-like canines of saber-toothed cats took years to grow

This partial fossilized jaw is from a baby <i>Smilodon fatalis</i>. At the time of the cat's death, one of its adult canines (inside, left) was erupting alongside the baby canine. The adult carnassial/shearing tooth (inside, right) can also be seen alongside the milk tooth.New research shows that the fearsome teeth of the saber-toothed cat Smilodon fatalis fully emerged at a later age than those of modern big cats, but grew at a rate...

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Forgotten fossil indicates earlier origin of teeth

This is a computer model and virtual development of the tooth plate of <i>Romundina stellina</i>, with colors gold through purple indicating the first up to the final tooth addition.The tooth plate of just some millimeters in size had been in a box for more than 40 years, without being recognized after the discovery and preparation of the fish...

Kennewick Man closely related to Native Americans, geneticists say

DNA from the 8,500-year-old skeleton of an adult man found in 1996, in Washington, is more closely related to Native American populations than to any other population in the world,...

Big dinosaurs steered clear of the tropics

Some 212 million years ago, landscapes weren't all dinosaur-friendly: dry, hot, with wildfires.For more than 30 million years after dinosaurs first appeared, they remained inexplicably rare near the equator, where only a few small-bodied meat-eating dinosaurs made a living.

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Paleo-engineering: New study reveals complexity of Triceratops' teeth

Professor Gregory Erickson examines preserved teeth from a <i>Triceratops</i>.When it comes to the three-horned dinosaur called the Triceratops, science is showing the ancient creatures might have been a little more complex than we thought.

Yorkshire's oldest new addition to the 'Jurassic World'

Experts from the University of Manchester have identified Britain's oldest sauropod dinosaur from a fossil bone discovered on the Yorkshire coast.Experts from the University of Manchester have identified Britain's oldest sauropod dinosaur from a fossil bone discovered on the Yorkshire coast.

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