Popular Science articles about Paleontology & Archaeology

This image shows Botocudos Chief Brasil.

Mummy remains refute antiquity of ankylosing spondylitis

Here is the author, Sahar Saleem, Kasr Al Ainy Faculty of Medicine.Ankylosing spondylitis is a systemic disease that causes inflammation in the spinal joints and was thought to have affected members of the ancient Egyptian royal families. Now a new study...

Researchers solve riddle of the rock pools

The rock goby can change both its color and brightness to match its background in just one minute.Research from the University of Exeter has revealed that the rock goby (Gobius paganellus), an unassuming little fish commonly found in rock pools around Britain, southern Europe, and North Africa,...

University of Leicester archaeologists discover bronze remains of Iron Age chariot

Here is the chariot linch pin from three angles, showing the intricate decoration at the ends.University of Leicester archaeologists have made a "once-in-a-career" discovery of the decorated bronze remains of an Iron Age chariot.

Greek Bronze Age ended 100 years earlier than thought, new evidence suggests

Conventional estimates for the collapse of the Aegean civilization may be incorrect by up to a century, according to new radiocarbon analyses.

How dinosaurs divided their meals at the Jurassic dinner table

How the largest animals to have ever walked the Earth fed, and how this allowed them to live alongside one another in prehistoric ecosystems is the subject of new research...

How dinosaur arms turned into bird wings

Although we now appreciate that birds evolved from a branch of the dinosaur family tree, a crucial adaptation for flight has continued to puzzle evolutionary biologists. During the millions of...

Stone Age site challenges old archaeological assumptions about human technology

The analysis of artifacts from a 325,000-year-old site in Armenia shows that human technological innovation occurred intermittently throughout the Old World, rather than spreading from a single point of origin,...

New dinosaur from New Mexico has relatives in Alberta

University of Alberta researchers Michael Burns and Victoria Arbour display a fossil from a newly discovered armoured dinosaur called <i>Ziapelta sanjuanensi</i>.A newly discovered armoured dinosaur from New Mexico has close ties to the dinosaurs of Alberta, say University of Alberta paleontologists involved in the research.

New high-resolution satellite image analysis: 5 of 6 Syrian World Heritage sites 'exhibit significant damage'

AAAS analyzed satellite images of six Syrian World Heritage sites: the Ancient City of Aleppo; the Ancient City of Bosra; the Ancient City of Damascus; the Ancient Site of Palmyra; a site encompassing two castles, Crac des Chevaliers and Qal’at Salah El-Din; and the Ancient Cities of Northern Syria, and the Ancient Cities of Northern Syria (Jebel Seman, Jebel Barisha, Jebel Al A’la, Jebel Wastani, and Jebel Zawiye).In war-torn Syria, five of six World Heritage sites now "exhibit significant damage" and some structures have been "reduced to rubble," according to new high-resolution satellite image analysis by the...

The creation of the Vuoksi River preceded a significant cultural shift

Imatra rapids emerged after the ice age. The traces of flowing water are still to be seen in the canyon.The creation of the Vuoksi River and the subsequent rapid decrease in the water level of Lake Saimaa approximately 6,000 years ago revealed thousands of square kilometres of new, fertile...

Bite to the death: Sugarbag bees launch all-conquering raids

They may be tiny and stingless but there's nothing sweet and innocent about a species of native sugarbag bee when it goes to war over a coveted honey-filled hive.

Secrets of dinosaur ecology found in fragile amber

Ryan McKellar's research sounds like it was plucked from Jurassic Park: he studies pieces of amber found buried with dinosaur skeletons. But rather than re-creating dinosaurs, McKellar uses the tiny...

Dinosaur breathing study shows that noses enhanced smelling and cooled brain

It's been millions of years since T. rex took its last breath, but a team led by Ohio University scientists is breathing life back into dinosaurs using high-powered computer simulations...

Earliest-known lamprey larva fossils unearthed in Inner Mongolia

Here are specimens and restorations of larva, early transformer, and adult of <i>M. mengae</i>, showing its three-phased life cycle. (A) Larva of <i>M. mengae</i>. a1, restoration of larval <i>M. mengae</i>; a2, restoration of burrowing larvae of <i>M. mengae</i>; a3, photograph of right view. (B) Early transformer of <i>M. mengae</i>. b1, restoration; b2, photograph of right view. (C) Adult or late transformer of <i>M. mengae</i>. c1, photograph of holotype of <i>M. mengae</i> in right view; and c2, its
restoration.Few people devote time to pondering the ancient origins of the eel-like lamprey, yet the evolutionary saga of the bloodsucker holds essential clues to the biological roots of humanity.

Ancient rhino-relatives were water-loving

Pictured here are two jaws from anthracobunids recovered from 48 million year old sediments next to a horse skull.  The study found that anthracobunids were an ancient relative of horses, rhinos, and tapirs.The discovery of new bones from a large land mammal that lived about 48 million years ago has led scientists to identify a new branch of mammals closely related to...

Closing the gap: Extreme desert gecko spotted on salt-flats in central Oman

Male Gulf Sand gecko P. khobarensis from eastern Rub Al Khali desert in Oman, in life, is presenting the singular elongated extremities.The Gulf Sand gecko is a remarkable desert reptile in that it is the only lizard found habitually on sabkha substrate across large parts of the eastern Arabian Peninsula. These...

Tooth buried in bone shows prehistoric predators tangled across land, sea

Teeth from phytosaurs, a reptile from the Triassic Period about 210 million years ago in what is now the western United States. The blue tooth on the left is a 3-D printed replica of a tooth embedded in the thigh bone of a rauisuchid, another Triassic period carnivore. The details of the tooth were digitally extracted using CT scans.About 210 million years ago when the supercontinent of Pangea was starting to break up and dog-sized dinosaurs were hiding from nearly everything, entirely different kinds of reptiles called phytosaurs...

Fossil of multicellular life moves evolutionary needle back 60 million years

A fossil of a 600 million-year-old multicellular organism displays unexpected evidence of complexity.A Virginia Tech geobiologist with collaborators from the Chinese Academy of Sciences have found evidence in the fossil record that complex multicellularity appeared in living things about 600 million years...

Answer to restoring lost island biodiversity found in fossils

Florida Museum of Natural History ornithology curator David Steadman co-authored a new study that reconstructs the ancient food web of the Bahamian island of Abaco where mega-reptiles, including the Cuban Crocodile, once flourished.Many native species have vanished from tropical islands because of human impact, but University of Florida scientists have discovered how fossils can be used to restore lost biodiversity.

Meteorite that doomed dinosaurs remade forests

This is a fossilized leaf of <i>Vitis stantonii</i>, a grapelike plant from the Hell Creek Formation in North Dakota. Blonder is especially interested in the venation network of each leaf, because veins may be a very good proxy for temperature via their role in constraining leaf water usage. "Fortunately many fossils have exquisite preservation of veins," he said.The meteorite impact that spelled doom for the dinosaurs 66 million years ago decimated the evergreens among the flowering plants to a much greater extent than their deciduous peers, according...

Ancient swamp creature had lips like Mick Jagger

Sir Mick Jagger has a new animal named after him. Scientists have named an extinct swamp-dwelling creature that lived 19 million years ago in Africa after the Rolling Stones frontman,...

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