Popular Science articles about Paleontology & Archaeology

A fossilized <i>Anchioris huxleyi</i>, a bird-lke dinosaur, carries evidence of pigment and the subcellular organelles that made it.

Earliest baboon found at Malapa

This is a male <em>P. angusticeps</em> in lateral (top left), oblique (top right), dorsal (middle) and inferior (bottom) views.A team from Wits University's Evolutionary Studies Institute has discovered a fossil monkey specimen representing the earliest baboon ever found.

Discovery of a salamander in amber sheds light on evolution of Caribbean islands

This is the first-ever discovery of a salamander preserved in amber, from an unlikely spot -- the Dominican Republic, where all salamanders are now extinct.More than 20 million years ago, a short struggle took place in what is now the Dominican Republic, resulting in one animal getting its leg bitten off by a predator...

More details on origin of world's favorite beer-making microbe

The crucial genetic mashup that spawned the yeast that brews the vast majority of beer occurred at least twice -- and both times without human help -- according to a...

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Carnivorous dinosaurs strolled around in Germany

This is a photo of megalosauripus.142 million years ago two carnivorous dinosaurs strolled along the beach in what is now Germany. Their footprints fossilized and have been analyzed by a biologist who now provides insight...

Research with bite

<em>Gorgosaurus</em> is shown using its specialized teeth for feeding on a young <em>Corythosaurus</em> in Alberta, 75 million years ago.The Tyrannosaurus rex and its fellow theropod dinosaurs that rampage across the screen in movies like Jurassic World were successful predators partly due to a unique, deeply serrated tooth structure...

Centuries-old shipwreck discovered off North Carolina coast

Shipwreck 1: The research vessel Atlantis with the submersible Alvin hanging off its sterm. (credit: Luis Lamar, Woods Hood Oceanographic Institution); 
Shipwreck 2:One of nine glass bottles observed at the site of a centuries-old shipwreck off the North Carolina coast. (credit: WHOI)Scanning sonar from a scientific expedition has revealed the remains of a previously unknown shipwreck more than a mile deep off the North Carolina coast. Artifacts on the wreck indicate...

Feathered cousin of 'Jurassic Park' star unearthed in China

This is an artist's impression of <i>Zhenyuanlong suni</i>.A newly identified species of feathered dinosaur is the largest ever discovered to have a well-preserved set of bird-like wings, research suggests.

Horned dinosaur discovery sheds light on nose horn evolution in Triceratops family

This is a life reconstruction of <I>Wendiceratops pinhornensis</I> gen. et sp. nov.Scientists have discovered Wendiceratops pinhornensis, a new species of horned dinosaur based on fossils collected from a bone bed in southern Alberta, Canada, according to a study published July 8,...

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Complexity before size: Old world monkey had a tiny but complex brain

This is a three-dimensional computer model of the tiny but complex brain of <I>Victoriapithecus</I>, an Old World monkey who lived 15 million years ago.The oldest known Old World monkey, Victoriapithecus, first made headlines in 1997 when its fossilized skull was discovered on an island in Kenya's Lake Victoria, where it lived 15 million...

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Newly discovered 48-million-year-old lizard walked on water in Wyoming

A newly-discovered, 48-million-year-old fossil, known as a "Jesus lizard" for its ability to walk on water, may provide insight into how climate change may affect tropical species, according to a...

Rare nautilus sighted for the first time in 3 decades

In early August, biologist Peter Ward returned from the South Pacific with news that he encountered an old friend, one he hadn't seen in over three decades. The University of Washington professor had seen what he considers one of the...

IU paleobotanist identifies what could be the mythical 'first flower'

This is a large intact specimen of the fossil, <i>Montsechia</i>. Usually only small fragmentary pieces of the fossil are found.Indiana University paleobotanist David Dilcher and colleagues in Europe have identified a 125 million- to 130 million-year-old freshwater plant as one of earliest flowering plants on Earth.

Humans responsible for demise of gigantic ancient mammals

Early humans were the dominant cause of the extinction of a variety of species of giant beasts, new research has revealed.

Mass extinction survival is more than just a numbers game

Widespread species are at just as high risk of being wiped out as rare ones after global mass extinction events, says new research by UK scientists.

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Earliest evidence of reproduction in a complex organism

Artist's reconstruction of the Fractofusus community on the H14 surface at Bonavista Peninsula showing the clusters that arise from stolon-like reproduction. The large individuals represent the primary colonizers of the site. Their offspring cluster around them, and are themselves surrounded by their own offspring - the third generation on the bed. The stolon-like protrusions are faintly visible and weave in and out of the microbial mat which covers the seafloor. Lighting is artificial and as though from a submersible ROV.Researchers led by the University of Cambridge have found the earliest example of reproduction in a complex organism. Their new study has found that some organisms known as rangeomorphs, which...

Mammoths killed by abrupt climate change

This image shows mammoth vertebrae in ice, Yukon Territory, Canada.New research has revealed abrupt warming, that closely resembles the rapid man-made warming occurring today, has repeatedly played a key role in mass extinction events of large animals, the megafauna,...

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Jurassic saw fastest mammal evolution

Research led by Oxford University scientists shows that mammals were evolving up to ten times faster in the middle of the Jurassic than they were at the end of the period. An illustration showing docodonts, now extinct mammals that saw an explosion of skeletal and dental changes (including the special molar teeth that give them their name), in the Middle Jurassic.Mammals were evolving up to ten times faster in the middle of the Jurassic than they were at the end of the period, coinciding with an explosion of new adaptations,...

Bumblebees disappearing as climate warms in North America and Europe, study finds

Bumblebees are rapidly declining in both North America and Europe, and a new study points to climate change as the major factor. The study, a comprehensive analysis of how climate...

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Mass extinction event from South Africa's Karoo

This is an illustration of the Guadalupian extinction.An international team led by researchers from the Evolutionary Studies Institute (ESI) at the University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, has obtained an age from rocks of the Great Karoo that...

New study shows South Africans using milk-based paint 49,000 years ago

An international research team led by the University of Colorado Boulder and the University of Witwatersrand in Johannesburg, South Africa has discovered a milk-and ochre-based paint dating to 49,000 years...

Dagger-like canines of saber-toothed cats took years to grow

This partial fossilized jaw is from a baby <i>Smilodon fatalis</i>. At the time of the cat's death, one of its adult canines (inside, left) was erupting alongside the baby canine. The adult carnassial/shearing tooth (inside, right) can also be seen alongside the milk tooth.New research shows that the fearsome teeth of the saber-toothed cat Smilodon fatalis fully emerged at a later age than those of modern big cats, but grew at a rate...

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