Popular Science articles about Mathematics & Economics

Computer sketches set to make online shopping much easier

A computer program that recognises sketches pioneered by scientists from Queen Mary University of London (QMUL) could help consumers shop more efficiently.

How well do facial recognition algorithms cope with a million strangers?

The MegaFace dataset contains 1 million images representing more than 690,000 unique people. It is the first benchmark that tests facial recognition algorithms at a million scale.In the last few years, several groups have announced that their facial recognition systems have achieved near-perfect accuracy rates, performing better than humans at picking the same face out of...

Leading statisticians establish steps to convey statistics a science not toolbox

Convinced that better use of data will improve research, innovation and literacy across other disciplines, six leading statisticians recently published "Ten Simple Rules for Effective Statistical Practice" in the journal...

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In science essay, WPI professor says FBI approach to investigations puts security at risk

Susan Landau, professor of cybersecurity policy at Worcester Polytechnic Institute (WPI)In an essay to be published on June 17, 2016 in Science magazine Susan Landau, professor of cybersecurity policy at Worcester Polytechnic Institute (WPI), argues that the FBI's recent and...

Climate consequences of oil price uncertainty could be significant

120 per barrel) or low (US$40-55 per barrel) oil prices could have an important impact on future carbon dioxide emissions, according to a new study published in the journal Nature...

'Foreign' crops dominate national food consumption and farming practices worldwide

The origins of over two-thirds of the grains, legumes, fruits, vegetables, and other agricultural crops countries grow and consume can be traced to ancient breadbaskets in distant parts of the...

Genetically modified Golden Rice falls short on lifesaving promises

Famous for heirloom rice grown on the spectacular terraces of the Cordillera mountains of northern Luzon, the Philippines has become a hotbed for protests over the development of genetically modified Golden Rice.Heralded on the cover of Time magazine in 2000 as a genetically modified (GMO) crop with the potential to save millions of lives in the Third World, Golden Rice is...

Statistics predict France and Germany as UEFA EURO favorites

This is Dr. Achim Zeileis.There is a high probability that the friendly game between France and Germany, which took place in Paris on 13 November 2015 was abruptly interrupted by the terror attacks, will...

Why vocal fry?

Researchers at the University of Texas at San Antonio are studying the lowest vocal register used by chorus singers to better understand the emotional properties of music.

Fighting the Zika virus with the power of supercomputing

The OpenZika project will take advantage of massive amounts of supercomputing power provided by IBM's World Community Grid, which harnesses the computing power of volunteers' computers and Android devices.Rutgers is taking a leading role in an IBM-sponsored World Community Grid project that will use supercomputing power to identify potential drug candidates to cure the Zika virus.

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Animal training techniques teach robots new tricks

Researchers at Washington State University are using ideas from animal training to help non-expert users teach robots how to do desired tasks.

Driverless cars: Who gets protected?

Driverless cars pose a quandary when it comes to safety. These autonomous vehicles are programmed with a set of safety rules, and it is not hard to construct a scenario in which those rules come into conflict with each other....

A 'Fitbit' for plants?

Kansas State University student and phenocart developer Jared Crain collects data using the phenocart in drought stress wheat trials at the Norman E. Borlaug Research Station, Cd. Obregon, Mexico.Plant breeders test their experiments by growing the seeds of their labor. They cross two different plants that have desirable traits. They sow the resulting seeds and evaluate the results,...

Computer vision system studies word use to recognize objects it has never seen before

Computer vision systems typically learn how to recognize an object by analyzing images of thousands of examples. But scientists at Disney Research have shown that computers also can learn to...

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New insights into California electricity crisis may help prevent future crises

Between 2000 and 2001, California experienced the biggest electricity crisis in the U.S. since World War II. Exactly how it happened, however, is complex. New research now reveals insights into...

Johns Hopkins team makes hobby drones crash to expose design flaws

Johns Hopkins computer science graduate students and their professor discovered three security flaws in a popular hobby drone, all of which could which cause the small aircraft to make an "uncontrolled landing."Sales of drones -- small flying machines equipped with cameras--are soaring. But new research by a Johns Hopkins computer security team has raised concerns about how easily hackers could cause...

How 4-D simulation can help construction projects come in on time -- and on budget

Massive public transportation infrastructure projects are notorious for exceeding both budgets and deadlines. Think Boston's Big Dig, finally completed eight years late and billions of dollars over budget.

'Super Mario Brothers' is harder than NP-hard

Completing a game of "Super Mario Brothers" can be hard -- very, very hard.

40-year math mystery and 4 generations of figuring

Georgia Tech mathematicians Xingxing Yu, Yan Wang and Dawei He have offered a proof of the Kelmans-Seymour Conjecture nearly 40 years after Princeton Mathematician Paul Seymour made it in 1977.This may sound like a familiar kind of riddle: How many brilliant mathematicians does it take to come up with and prove the Kelmans-Seymour Conjecture?

Robots get creative to cut through clutter

New software developed by Carnegie Mellon University helps mobile robots deal efficiently with clutter, whether it is in the back of a refrigerator or on the surface of the moon.Clutter is a special challenge for robots, but new Carnegie Mellon University software is helping robots cope, whether they're beating a path across the Moon or grabbing a milk jug...

Financial status affects success of students with learning disabilities

A new University of Iowa study found only one third of undergraduates from 11 universities who reported having a learning disability were receiving accommodations.College students who receive special accommodations because of a learning disability say they have less difficulty completing assignments and more contact with faculty outside of class than peers who don't...

Crowd-augmented cognition

Research in Kittur's lab is on augmenting human cognition using crowds and computation.Crowdsourcing has brought us Wikipedia and ways to understand how HIV proteins fold. It also provides an increasingly effective means for teams to write software, perform research or accomplish small...

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