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Deer, or black-legged, ticks can transmit Lyme disease to humans during feeding, when they insert their mouth parts into the skin. A new experimental test developed at NIST has been shown to detect the disease near the time of infection, earlier than the standard blood test now used.
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Asthma linked to an increased time to pregnancy

Asthma has been associated with a prolonged time to pregnancy and a decreased birth rate in a new clinical observation study.

Early diet of infants, not maternal obesity, influences development of gut microbiome

After the age of nine months, the development of the infant gut microbiota is driven by the transition to family foods, not maternal obesity, according to results from a new...

New study reveals incidence of dementia may be declining

Despite the concern of an explosion of dementia cases in an aging population over the next few decades, a new study, based on data from the Framingham Heart Study (FHS),...

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Scientists discover how breast cancer cells spread from blood vessels

Researchers have identified a protein that controls how breast cancer cells spread around the body, according to a Cancer Research UK-funded study published in Science Signaling* today (Tuesday).

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Air pollution exposure during pregnancy linked with asthma risk

Babies born to mothers exposed to air pollution from traffic during pregnancy have an increased risk of developing asthma before the age of six, according to new UBC research.

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Nanoparticle therapy that uses LDL and fish oil kills liver cancer cells

Dr. Ian Corbin (left) and Dr. Xiaodong Wen look over lab samples from their study of an experimental nanoparticle therapy that shows promise for fighting primary liver cancer.An experimental nanoparticle therapy that combines low-density lipoproteins (LDL) and fish oil preferentially kills primary liver cancer cells without harming healthy cells, UT Southwestern Medical Center researchers report.

Kaiser Permanente study finds effectiveness of routine Tdap booster wanes in adolescents

A new study from Kaiser Permanente's Vaccine Study Center found that the Tdap booster vaccine provides moderate protection against whooping cough during the first year after vaccination, but its effectiveness...

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Flu tackles Super Bowl fans

If you're a fan of the Panthers or Broncos, be sure to wash your hands on Super Bowl Sunday before you give a friend a celebratory fist bump.

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Hepatitis virus-like particles as potential cancer treatment

Hepatitis E virus capsids can resist passing through the digestive system. These virus-like particles could be used to carry vaccines or drugs into the body through the oral route. By modifying the capsid proteins, UC Davis researchers show that they can attach molecules to the particle surface that target breast cancer cells.UC Davis researchers have developed a way to use the empty shell of a Hepatitis E virus to carry vaccines or drugs into the body. The technique has been tested...

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No proof that radiation from X rays and CT scans causes cancer

This is James Welsh, MD.The widespread belief that radiation from X rays, CT scans and other medical imaging can cause cancer is based on an unproven, decades-old theoretical model, according to a study published...

Gene previously observed only in brain is important driver of metastatic breast cancer

When breast cancer becomes advanced and spreads to other organs, patient survival is drastically reduced, prompting the need to explore the genes that may cause tumor cells to metastasize.

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Mommy and me

Poverty, lack of education and exposure to violence can undeniably impact a child's life trajectory significantly. But how can a mother's exposure and potentially depressive reactions to these stressors impact...

The CNIO finds a potential therapy for the most aggressive type of lung cancer in preclinical models

Tumour tissue from a mouse with lung cancer is shown.Lung cancer is one of the most prevalent types of cancer, with more than 20,000 new cases diagnosed each year in Spain. Lung adenocarcinomas carrying oncogenic KRAS, the engine driving...

Remote telemonitoring does not reduce hospital readmissions for heart failure patients

FINDINGS: Increasingly patients and providers are interested in using remote monitoring devices to help with their health care. The researchers sought to determine if these devices could be useful in preventing...

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Attention problems persist in childhood leukemia survivors treated with chemotherapy alone

Pediatric acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) patients treated with chemotherapy alone remain at risk for attention and learning problems that persist after treatment ends, according to St. Jude Children's Research Hospital...

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Risk of suicide increased 3-fold in adults after a concussion

The long-term risk of suicide for adults who have had a concussion is three times higher than the population norm, and the risk increases further if the concussion occurred on...

Gene family turns cancer cells into aggressive stem cells that keep growing

An examination of 130 gene expression studies in 10 solid cancers has found that when any of four related genes is overexpressed, patients have much worse outcomes, including reduced survival.

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Don't use body mass index to determine whether people are healthy, UCLA-led study says

UCLA's A. Janet Tomiyama.Over the past few years, body mass index, a ratio of a person's height and weight, has effectively become a proxy for whether a person is considered healthy. Many U.S....

Mayo Clinic researchers extend lifespan by as much as 35 percent in mice

Researchers at Mayo Clinic have shown that senescent cells - cells that no longer divide and accumulate with age - negatively impact health and shorten lifespan by as much as...

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'Gene fusion' mutation uses 3-way mechanism to drive childhood brain cancers

Three-Way mechanism drives pediatric low-grade gliomas.A powerful, three-way mechanism by which a mutation drives the growth of childhood brain cancers, was discovered by scientists from the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania...

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Connective tissue disease increases risk for cardiovascular problems

A study based on medical records from more than a quarter million adult patients found that African-American patients with connective tissue diseases such as lupus or rheumatoid arthritis were twice...

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