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Slower melting ice cream in pipeline, thanks to new ingredient

Childhood memories of sticky hands from melting ice cream cones could soon become obsolete, thanks to a new food ingredient.

Scientists discover a 6-foot-long 'sea scorpion' that lived 450 million years ago

Scientists have found evidence of a giant scorpion-like animal that roamed the seas hundreds of millions of years before the dinosaurs.

Vitamin ZZZ? Sleep Could Fight Risk of Catching a Cold

Not getting enough sleep really does boost your risk of catching a cold, a new study suggests.

New type of prion may cause, transmit neurodegeneration

Multiple System Atrophy, a neurodegenerative disorder with similarities to Parkinson's disease, is caused by a newly discovered type of prion, according to two new research papers.

Human body has gone through four stages of evolution

Research into 430,000-year-old fossils collected in northern Spain found that the evolution of the human body's size and shape has gone through four main stages.

Single mothers much more likely to live in poverty than single fathers, study finds

Single mothers earn significantly less than single fathers, and they are penalized for each additional child they have even though the income of single fathers remains the same or increases...

New approach to modeling Amazon seasonal cycles developed

Engineers have developed a new approach, opposite to climate models, to correct inaccuracies using a high-resolution atmospheric model that more precisely resolves clouds and convection and parameterizes the feedback between...

Evidence of ancient life discovered in mantle rocks deep below the seafloor

Ancient rocks harbored microbial life deep below the seafloor, reports scientists. This first-time evidence was contained in drilled rock samples of Earth's mantle -- thrust by tectonic forces to the...

Observatory: Blind Spot Can Be Trained Away, a Study Says

After 20 days of repeated stimulation with a waveform, the blind spot of research participants shrunk by about 10 percent.

SpaceX rocket grounded for 'couple more months,' company says

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla (Reuters) - SpaceX plans to keep its Falcon 9 rocket grounded longer than planned following a launch accident in June that destroyed a space station cargo ship,...

Women with diabetes 6 times more likely to have heart attack

Stephen FellerLONDON, Aug. 31 (UPI) -- Women younger than 45 with diabetes are six times more likely to have a heart attack than those who do not have the condition.

DNA-guided 3-D printing of human tissue is unveiled

A UCSF-led team has developed a technique to build tiny models of human tissues, called organoids, more precisely than ever before using a process that turns human cells into a...

Brush-off: Researchers devise a hairbrush that's easy to clean

A researcher is working to make everyday objects easier to maintain so they last longer and don’t end up in a landfill. His first such creation is an easy-to-clean hairbrush.

If Happy Meal Law Passes, NYC Kids Will Frown

The War on Fast Food hasn't led to the health care bonanza overzealous regulators assured us would result - but that hasn’t stopped them from opening another front on Happy...

Sea temperature changes linked to mystery North Pacific ecosystem shifts

Researchers have long been puzzled by two rapid and widespread changes in the abundance and distribution of North Pacific plankton and fish species that impacted the region's economically important salmon...

Scientists create designer proteins that control enzyme activity

Scientists have developed a novel approach to control the activity of enzymes through the use of synthetic, antibody-like proteins known as monobodies. The findings have widespread implications for a broad...

Study: Island lizards have resilient stomachs

Brooks HaysATHENS, Greece, Aug. 31 (UPI) -- New research shows island-based lizards have evolved highly versatile digestive systems, well-suited to the variability of isolated living.

Lines between two sparrow species blurred in New England

Brooks HaysDURHAM, N.C., Aug. 31 (UPI) -- New research suggests interspecies breeding among New England marsh sparrows is common, and hybrid offspring don't take on a uniform, easy-to-spot appearance.

Dialect influences Appalachian students' experiences in college

Language diversity isn't always celebrated on campus, a linguist writes in a new article, callomg dialect the 'last acceptable personal trait to make fun of.'

New material science research may advance tech tools

Hard, complex materials with many components are used to fabricate some of today's most advanced technology tools. However, little is still known about how the properties of these materials change...

Endangered animals can be identified by rate of genetic diversity loss

A new study presents a novel approach for identifying vertebrate populations at risk of extinction by estimating the rate of genetic diversity loss, a measurement that could help researchers and...

McKinley to Denali: Why Restoring Names Isn't Easy

The long battle over Denali, the peak formerly known as Mount McKinley, is over.

Deciphering the olfactory receptor code

Olfactory signatures corresponding to specific odorants. In the background, an olfactory sensory neuroepithelium. In animals, numerous behaviors are governed by the olfactory perception of their surrounding world. Whether originating...

Researchers examine risk factors/patient outcomes associated with colorectal cancer

About 20 percent of colorectal cancer patients have cancers that have spread beyond the colon at the time of their diagnosis. In a new study, researchers provide a detailed comparison...

Gaming computers offer huge, untapped energy savings potential

In the world of computer gaming, bragging rights are accorded to those who can boast of blazing-fast graphics cards, the most powerful processors, the highest-resolution monitors, and the coolest decorative...

Circuit in the Eye Relies on Built-in Delay to See Small Moving Objects

When we move our head, the whole visual world moves across our eyes. Yet we can still make out a bee buzzing by or a hawk flying overhead, thanks to...

Epigenomic changes are key to innate immunological memory

It was long believed that acquired immunity--a type of immunity mediated by T- and B-cells--had memory, meaning that it could learn from new pathogens, making subsequent reactions more effective, whereas innate immunity--which is...

Nocturnal, compass-guided insects have a sense for turbulence too

When nocturnal insects make their high-flying journeys through the darkness of night, they may have more than an internal compass to guide them on their way. Researchers now show that...

Meet Pentecopterus, a new predator from the prehistoric seas

You don't name a sea creature after an ancient Greek warship unless it's built like a predator.

Millipede research 2.0: New dimension in documenting new species

Thousands of new species are identified every year, and new and efficient methods are needed to document this diversity and to make information about new species available to other scientists...

Inducing metabolic catastrophe in cancer cells

Eliminating HK2 (shown here), which is a key enzyme for glucose metabolism, may be a way to prevent cancer cells from surviving, A study published in The Journal...

Using ultrathin sheets to discover new class of wrapped shapes

Experimental and theoretical physicists and a polymer scientist have teamed up to use much thinner sheets than before to achieve seeking to encapsulate droplets of one fluid within another. Thinner,...

Scientists 'squeeze' light one particle at a time

A team of scientists have measured a bizarre effect in quantum physics, in which individual particles of light are said to have been 'squeezed' -- an achievement which at least...

Mock Mars Mission Tests Mental Toll of a Year in Space

On Friday, six scientists will enter a simulated Mars habitat and simulate what it might be like for astronauts journeying for extended periods.

Quantifying the Impact of Volcanic Eruptions on Climate

Large volcanic eruptions inject considerable amounts of sulphur in the stratosphere which, once converted into aerosols, block sun rays and tend to cool the surface of the Earth down for...

Tiny Drops of Early Universe 'Perfect' Fluid

New data from the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider confirm that small nuclei can create tiny droplets of a perfect liquid primordial soup when they collide with larger nuclei.

Television viewing linked to higher injury risk in hostile people

People with hostile personality traits who watch more television than their peers may be at a greater risk for injury, potentially because they are more susceptible to the influence of...

Ohio State's Urban Meyer punishes students with pushups for wearing blue

Alex ButlerCOLUMBUS, Ohio, Aug. 31 (UPI) -- There is no reason to be blue in Columbus, following Ohio State's National Championship season.

Scientists describe new clam species from depths off Canada's Atlantic coast

A new species of giant file clam from Atlantic Canadian waters has been described by Canadian scientists. The 'cryptic' clam, which lives in deepwater canyons, was first found off the...

Mouth guard monitors health markers, transmits information wirelessly to smart phone

Researchers have developed a mouth guard that can monitor health markers, such as lactate, cortisol and uric acid, in saliva and transmit the information wirelessly to a smart phone, laptop...

Scientists dig up oldest evidence of leukemia

Brooks HaysTUBINGEN, Germany, Aug. 31 (UPI) -- Researchers in Germany have found what they believe to be the oldest case of leukemia in the remains of a 7,000-year-old woman.

Some with low-risk prostate cancer not likely to succumb to the disease

Men with relatively unaggressive prostate tumors and whose disease is carefully monitored by urologists are unlikely to develop metastatic prostate cancer or die of their cancers, according to results of...

Self-management support system eases chronic depression

Stephen FellerSEATTLE, Aug. 31 (UPI) -- A test program pairing self-management techniques with traditional care helped chronic depression patients cope with symptoms and live "a life worth living."

Men who buy sex have much in common with sexually coercive men

Men who buy sex have less empathy for women in prostitution than men who don't buy sex and are more likely to report having committed rape and other acts of...

Oliver Sacks: Diverse Elements in Harmony

What was striking about Dr. Sacks was his capacity for enthusiasm about whatever idea or object had caught his attention.

Volcanic eruptions: Properties of magma influence forecasts

Many volcanoes are located in densely settled areas. Every time one of these becomes active, large populations are put at risk. Hence, one of the primary goals of the current...

Ebola experts go to Sierra Leone's north to investigate case, start vaccine trial

Ebola experts are in Sierra Leone's Kambia district investigating a case that emerged less than a week after the country's last known patient was discharged from a hospital, a World...

Team harnesses intense X-ray beam, observes unusual phenomenon for the first time

Using an enormous X-ray laser—one of only two such machines on Earth—University of Nebraska-Lincoln physicist Matthias Fuchs and scientists from around the world beat formidable odds to observe one of...

Zac Efron's new film has third-worst opening weekend of all time

Annie MartinLOS ANGELES, Aug. 31 (UPI) -- Zac Efron film "We Are Your Friends" had the third-worst opening weekend of all time while "Straight Outta Compton" continued to top the...

Early Human Diets Explain Modern Eating Habits

Much attention is being given to what people ate in the distant past as a guide to what we should eat today. Advocates of the claimed paleo diet recommend that...

Research in mice shows potential value of antidepressant in some stroke victims

Working with mice, researchers have added to evidence that a commonly prescribed antidepressant called fluoxetine helps stroke victims improve movement and coordination, and possibly why.

New, Ultrathin Optical Devices Shape Light in Exotic Ways

Researchers have developed innovative flat, optical lenses as part of a collaboration between JPL and the Caltech.

Older people getting smarter, but not fitter

Older populations are scoring better on cognitive tests than people of the same age did in the past -- a trend that could be linked to higher education rates and...

Magnetic stimulation helps Parkinson's disease patients walk

Stephen FellerWASHINGTON, Aug. 31 (UPI) -- Magnetic stimulation can help people with Parkinson's disease who experience freezing of gait, an inability to move forward, to regain motor skills.

Medication treatment for opioid use disorders in primary care increases patient access

Expanding the number of sites offering office-based opioid treatment with buprenorphine utilizing addiction nurse care managers, trainings and technical support resulted in more physicians becoming waivered to prescribe buprenorphine and...

Gene leads to nearsightedness when kids read

Vision researchers have discovered a gene that causes myopia, but only in people who spend a lot of time in childhood reading or doing other 'nearwork.'

Scientists propose attacking bioenergetic metabolism to improve anti-cancer therapies

Blocking glycolysis -- the molecular mechanism that makes it possible to extract energy from glucose -- is especially damaging to the division of cancer cells, research shows. Specifically acting on...

Benefits for COPD patients using digital health application

COPD patients who used a digital health application to report their daily symptoms and received same-day treatment recommendations from their health care provider experienced fewer and less severe COPD exacerbation...

Infection with multiple HIV-1 variants leads to poorer clinical outcomes

HIV-1 infection with multiple founder variants points to poorer clinical outcomes than infection with a single variant, according to research. In the study, researchers analyzed large sample sets from two...

Heart rate, heart rate variability in older adults linked to poorer function

A higher resting heart rate and lower heart rate variability in older adults at high risk of heart disease are associated with poorer ability to function in daily life as...

Lyme disease testing: Canadians may receive false-positives from some US labs

Lyme disease is becoming increasingly common in Canada, and Canadians with Lyme disease symptoms may seek diagnoses from laboratories in the United States, although many of the results will be...

Closer to a treatment for 'asthma of the esophagus'

Scientists have elucidated the chemical process behind a mysterious gastrointestinal disease that is becoming more frequent every day: the eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE), also known as the 'asthma of the esophagus'....

Raising pay can reduce smoking rates

In addition to restricting when and where tobacco is used at work, research shows that employers can do something else to reduce smoking: raise wages.

Tainted blood victim wants N.W.T. government to cover $150K Hep C drug

An Inuvik man says the Northwest Territories' health system is denying him a prescription treatment that can cure the Hepatitis C virus he was infected with while undergoing a routine...

Come here and be quiet! Genes physically held in silencing 'lock-down' in embryonic stem cells

A strong physical gene interaction network has been discovered that is responsible for holding genes in a silencing grip during early development. In the same way that people can interact...

Samsung unveils circular smartwatch, but are apps available?

Samsung is juicing up its smartwatch with a circular face and more battery life than the Apple Watch, but it's unknown how many apps will be available for it.

Netflix loses blockbuster titles as its deal with Epix ends

Karen ButlerLOS ANGELES, Aug. 31 (UPI) -- Hulu has announced it will start streaming numerous movies after Netflix drops them, due to second-party licensing agreements, next month.

Clinic notes should be re-engineered to meet needs of physicians

When physicians prepare for patient visits, one of their first steps is to review clinic notes or health records that recap their patients’ medical history. Since the Health Information Technology...

Predictor of child vocabulary in early speech

At 12 months old, your infant's ability to group objects according to the names associated with them -- as opposed to their appearance alone -- offers a glimpse into how...

Obama says urgent and immediate action needed to fight climate change

Doug G. WareANCHORAGE, Alaska, Aug. 31 (UPI) -- In Alaska Monday, President Barack Obama spoke bluntly on what his administration believes is one of the most pressing matters in the...

Gene regulating severity of tissue damage caused by rheumatoid arthritis identified

Scientists have identified a new protein (C5orf30) which regulates the severity of tissue damage caused by rheumatoid arthritis, an autoimmune disease that causes inflammation, pain, stiffness and damage to the...

Preventive medicine experts speak out about reducing firearm violence

A wide range of critical topics related to firearm violence, from the interaction of alcohol abuse with gun violence, effects of changes to gun laws in various states, how criminals...

Gene therapy fully restores vision in mouse model of Leber congenital amaurosis

Mice lacking the protein retGC1, which is deficient in humans suffering Leber congenital amaurosis-1 (LCA1), a disorder that causes severe visual impairment beginning in infancy, received gene therapy to replace...

Examining service delivery, patient outcomes in Ryan White HIV/AIDS Program

Outpatient human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) health care facilities funded by the federal Ryan White HIV/AIDS Program were more likely to provide case management, mental health, substance abuse and other support...

Religion, physicians and surrogate decision-makers in the intensive care unit

Religious or spiritual considerations were discussed in 16 percent of family meetings in intensive care units and health care professionals only rarely explored the patient's or family's religious or spiritual...

Exclusive breastfeeding and the effect on postpartum multiple sclerosis relapses

Women with multiple sclerosis who intended to breastfeed their infants exclusively for two months had a lower risk of relapse during the first six months after giving birth compared with...

'Eat me' signal whets appetites for tumor-devouring dendritic cells

The therapeutic effect of CD47 blockade as a cancer treatment relies more on dendritic cells than macrophages, scientists report. Anti-CD47-mediated tumor rejection will require both innate and adaptive responses.

Alzheimer’s disease: Overlooked for 30 years, there is a new kid on the block

Alzheimer's disease is associated with the appearance of characteristic neurotoxic protein aggregates in various regions in the brain. Chemical analysis of these insoluble deposits reveals that they are made up...

Five-colour nutritional labelling system is the most effective for consumers

The 5-colour nutrition label (5-CNL) is the most effective nutritional information system for allowing consumers to recognize and compare the nutritional quality of foods, a group of researchers concludes.

World's Most Powerful Digital Camera Sees Construction Green Light

The Department of Energy has approved the start of construction for a 3.2-gigapixel digital camera - the world's largest - at the heart of the Large Synoptic Survey Telescope (LSST)....

How neurons get their branching shapes

For more than a hundred years, people have known that dendritic arbors—the projections that neurons use to receive information from other neurons—differ in size and shape depending on neuron type....

Watch: Justin Bieber perform at VMA after-party

Wade SheridanLOS ANGELES, Aug. 31 (UPI) -- Justin Bieber entertained the crowd at the MTV Video Music Awards official after-party performing his latest single "What do You Mean?" Sunday night.

NASA finds 'hot towers' in Fred, now a hurricane

The Global Precipitation Measurement or GPM mission core satellite passed over Fred when it was developing in the Eastern Atlantic early August 30 and saw "hot towers" in the storm,...

The structure of DNA made visible

From 1952, DNA was sequenced, modified and extensively studied, but no technique was able to produce clear direct images of DNA. Now, researchers have developed a new technique to produce...

Cassini Watches Enceladus Fizz Into Space

Cassini has once again turned to Enceladus, the enigmatic moon of Saturn.

Gene associated with sudden cardiac death identified by ICD monitoring

A gene associated with sudden cardiac death in the general population has been identified using implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) monitoring in new research. The research included patients from the DISCOVERY...

Technique designed to predict how much energy waves will be bringing

Marine energy has a great future potential according to the experts, but there is still a long way to go before it can be used on a large scale. A...

Sterilize tools before pruning canary island date palms to prevent lethal fungal disease

There is a pathogen that is not new to Florida, however, new reports suggest that it is infecting the wild date palm. The good news is that it can be...

Report: Oakland Raiders waive RB Trent Richardson

The Sports Xchange Running back Trent Richardson, who was the third overall pick in the 2012 NFL Draft, was released by the Oakland Raiders on Monday, ESPN.com reported.

Prasugrel associated with increased major bleeding in high-risk patients with stable coronary artery disease

Prasugrel-based dual antiplatelet therapy is associated with increased major bleeding after stent implantation for high-risk patients with stable coronary artery disease, according to a secondary analysis of the BASKET-PROVE II...

Testosterone therapy reveals differences between male, female brains

Brooks HaysAMSTERDAM, Netherlands, Aug. 31 (UPI) -- Cross-sex transition therapy changes the shape and functionality of the brain.

Better daily sea ice forecasts for the Arctic

Ice experts have developed a straightforward new technique for estimating sea ice concentration in the Arctic Ocean, and the new method improves the US Navy's short-term sea ice forecast of...

Kim Jong Un provides field guidance at factory for first time since crisis

Elizabeth ShimSEOUL, Aug. 31 (UPI) -- Kim Jong Un expressed "great satisfaction" after a tour of a corn processing plant that marks his first factory visit after a landmark agreement...

General Mills aims to cut greenhouse gas emissions 28% in 10 years

General Mills has set an ambitious goal of reducing its greenhouse gas emissions 28 per cent by 2025 — not just within its own operations but from farm to fork...

Depressed patients have more frequent chest pain even in the absence of coronary artery disease

Depressed patients have more frequent chest pain even in the absence of coronary artery disease, according to results. The findings suggest that pain and depression may share a common neurochemical...

Cardiologists fail to identify basic and advanced murmurs

Cardiologists failed to identify more than half of basic and about 35 percent of advanced pre-recorded murmurs, but skills improved after a 90 minute training session, according to new research.

Ukrainian soldier dies in clashes with protesters

Tomas MonzonKIEV, Ukraine, Aug. 31 (UPI) -- A Ukrainian national guard soldier died Monday in clashes with protesters over reforms for independence of the eastern portion of the country.

Inner-city neighborhood may affect risk of developing of heart disease, research finds

The inner-city neighborhood in which someone lives may affect his or her risk of developing or dying from cardiovascular disease, a new research paper suggests.

Keith Bellows, Award-Winning Editor of National Geographic Traveler, Dies

“A giant in the world of travel journalism,” Bellows was dedicated to cultivating travel as a powerful way to teach people about the world’s cultures and economies.

Listening to roads before construction

They're going to build a new road right outside your living room window. The authorities have sent you a 'noise map', but what you really need is to hear what...