Popular Science articles about Psychology & Sociology

Fine particulate air pollution linked with increased autism risk

Women exposed to high levels of fine particulate matter specifically during pregnancy--particularly during the third trimester--may face up to twice the risk of having a child with autism than mothers living in areas with low particulate matter, according to a...

Crows are smarter than you think

Russian researcher Anna Smirnova studies a crow making the correct selection during a relational matching trial.Crows have long been heralded for their high intelligence -- they can remember faces, use tools and communicate in sophisticated ways.

Study finds that employees who are open about religion are happier

It may be beneficial for employers to not only encourage office Christmas parties but also celebrate holidays and festivals from a variety of religions, according to a Kansas State University...

Herd mentality: Are we programmed to make bad decisions?

A natural desire to be part of the 'in crowd' could damage our ability to make the right decisions, a new study has shown.

More than half of all children in the US will likely live with an unmarried mother

The percentage of children under age 18 living with an unmarried mother has increased substantially since the 1960s, with the largest increase seen among blacks.More than half of all American children will likely live with an unmarried mother at some point before they reach age 18, according to a report issued by Princeton University...

Introverts could shape extroverted co-workers' career success, OSU study shows

Introverted employees are more likely to give low evaluations of job performance to extroverted co-workers, giving introverts a powerful role in workplaces that rely on peer-to-peer evaluation tools for awarding...

Social connections keep workers on board

Contrary to popular belief, new research suggests that some employees adapt well to pressures caused by changes in the workplace.

Attitudes to climate change depend on people's sense of belonging to the planet

New research led by the University of Exeter has found that people who have a stronger sense of place at the global than the national level are more likely to...

As gay marriage gains voter acceptance, UCLA-Columbia study illuminates a possible reason

Conventional wisdom holds that changing the views of voters on divisive issues is difficult if not impossible -- and that when change does occur, it is almost always temporary.

Affluence, not political complexity, explains the rise of moralizing world religions

The ascetic and moralizing movements that spawned the world's major religious traditions--Buddhism, Islam, Judaism, Hinduism, and Christianity--all arose around the same time in three different regions, and researchers reporting in...

Ads communicate message in as little as tenth of a second, helped by color: INFORMS study

Ads can communicate their main message in as little as a tenth of a second, helped by color, according to a new study published in Marketing Science, a publication of...

Wild animals making decisions that need to be both fast and accurate.

Kids' cartoon characters twice as likely to die as counterparts in films for adults

The findings prompt the authors to describe children's cartoons as "rife with death and destruction," with content akin to the "rampant horrors" of popular films for adults given restrictive age...

Contrasting views of kin selection assessed

In an article to be published in the January issue of BioScience, two philosophers tackle one of the most divisive arguments in modern biology: the value of the theory of...

Bugs life: The nerve cells that make locusts 'gang up'

Computer reconstruction of nerve cells in a desert locust that produce the neurochemical serotonin. The colors indicate each cell's response to the social stimuli that cause gregarious behavior.  The green cells contain less serotonin after a life-time of crowding with other locusts.  The blue cells contain more serotonin after a locust has seen and smelled other locusts for just one hour.  The yellow cells increase their serotonin content within an hour of exposing a locust to any of the social stimuli that induce gregarious behavior.A team of biologists has identified a set of nerve cells in desert locusts that bring about 'gang-like' gregarious behaviour when they are forced into a crowd.

NREL compares state solar policies to determine equation for solar market success

Analysts at the Energy Department's National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) have used statistical analyses and detailed case studies to better understand why solar market policies in certain states are more...

Political extremists may be less susceptible to common cognitive bias

People who occupy the extreme ends of the political spectrum, whether liberal or conservative, may be less influenced by outside information on a simple estimation task than political moderates, according...

Home umpires favor their own teams in test matches

The introduction of neutral umpires in Test cricket led to a drop in the number of LBW decisions going in favour of home teams, a study has revealed.

Study supports the theory that men are idiots

Sex differences in risk seeking behaviour, emergency hospital admissions, and mortality are well documented. Males are more likely to be admitted to an emergency department after accidental injuries, more likely...

Understanding how emotions ripple after terrorist acts

The 2013 Boston Marathon bombing motivated mass expressions of fear, solidarity, and sympathy toward Bostonians on social media networks around the world. In a recently released study, researchers at the...

Alcohol interferes with body's ability to regulate sleep

University of Missouri School of Medicine researchers Pradeep Sahota, M.D., and Mahesh Thakkar, Ph.D., studied alcohol's effects on sleep for more than five years. The researchers have found that drinking alcohol to fall asleep interferes with sleep homeostasis, the body's sleep-regulating mechanism.Researchers from the University of Missouri School of Medicine have found that drinking alcohol to fall asleep interferes with sleep homeostasis, the body's sleep-regulating mechanism.

Online students give instructors higher marks if they think instructors are men

A new study from North Carolina State University shows that college students in online courses give better evaluations to instructors they think are men -- even when the instructor is actually a woman.A new study shows that college students in online courses give better evaluations to instructors they think are men -- even when the instructor is actually a woman.

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