This Hubble image reveals the first moon ever discovered around the dwarf planet Makemake. The tiny satellite, located just above Makemake in this image, is barely visible because it is almost lost in the glare of the very bright dwarf planet. Hubble's sharp-eyed WFC3 made the observation in April 2015.

Study finds readability of dense breast notifications poor

About half of American women have dense breasts, which makes it harder for mammograms to identify cancer and add to a woman's risk for cancer. Nearly half of U.S....

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RNA splicing mutations play major role in genetic variation and disease

RNA splicing is a major underlying factor that links mutations to complex traits and diseases, according to an exhaustive analysis of gene expression in whole genome and cell line data....

Providing children with tablets loaded with literacy apps yields positive results

For the past four years, researchers at MIT, Tufts University, and Georgia State University have been conducting a study to determine whether tablet computers loaded with literacy applications could improve...

Hunting wolves near Denali, Yellowstone cuts wolf sightings in half

A wolf trots ahead of a visitor bus in Denali National Park and Preserve.Visitors to national parks are half as likely to see wolves in their natural habitat when wolf hunting is permitted just outside park boundaries.

Rare ice data collected by early 'citizen scientists' confirms warming

Lake Suwa in Shinano Province. Woodblock color print created by Katsushika Hokusai and part of the online collection of the Brooklyn Museum.In 1442, 50 years before Columbus "sailed the ocean blue," Shinto priests in Japan began keeping records of the annual freeze dates of a nearby lake. Along a Finnish river,...

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Nanoparticles present sustainable way to grow food crops

Researchers at Washington University in St. Louis hope that nanoparticle technology can help reduce the need for fertilizer, creating a more sustainable way to grow crops such as mung beans.Scientists are working diligently to prepare for the expected increase in global population -- and therefore an increased need for food production-- in the coming decades. A team of engineers...

Coal-tar based sealcoats on driveways, parking lots far more toxic than suspected

Oregon State University researcher Staci Simonich.The pavement sealcoat products used widely around the nation on thousands of asphalt driveways and parking lots are significantly more toxic and mutagenic than previously suspected, according to a new...

Despite their small brains -- ravens are just as clever as chimps

This is a raven.A study led by researchers at Lund University in Sweden shows that ravens are as clever as chimpanzees, despite having much smaller brains, indicating that rather than the size of...

Patterns of glowing sharks get clearer with depth

This photo is of a biofluorescent chain catshark (<em>Scyliorhinus rotifer</em>).A team of researchers led by scientists from the American Museum of Natural History has found that catsharks are not only able to see the bright green biofluorescence they produce,...

Study shows dinosaur families chose to exit Europe

Researchers have used 'network theory' for the first time to visually depict the movement of dinosaurs around the world during the Mesozoic Era - including a curious exodus from Europe.

Gene therapy shows long-term benefit for treating rare blindness

Pioneering gene therapy has restored some vision to patients with a rare form of genetic blindness for as long as four years, raising hopes it could be used to cure common causes of vision loss, new University of Oxford research...

Newly discovered titanosaurian dinosaur from Argentina, Sarmientosaurus

Sarmientosaurus head posture, brain & eye (WitmerLab): Digital renderings of the skull and reconstructed brain endocast and eye of the new titanosaurian dinosaur species <i>Sarmientosaurus musacchioi</i>. At left is the skull rendered semi-transparent in left side view, showing the relative size and position of the brain endocast (in blue, pink, yellow, and red) and the inferred habitual head posture. At center is the isolated brain endocast in left side view, and at right is a left/front view of the skull showing the reconstructed eyeball and its associated musculature. Scale bar equals five centimeters.Scientists have discovered Sarmientosaurus musacchioi, a new species of titanosaurian dinosaur, based on an complete skull and partial neck fossil unearthed in Patagonia, Argentina, according to a study published April...

New tool puts a consistent value on experts' uncertainty on climate change models

Science can flourish when experts disagree, but in the governmental realm uncertainty can lead to inadequate policy and preparedness. When it comes to climate change, it can be OK for...

New technique accelerates isolation of potato late blight resistance genes

Several candidates were introduced into a model species, of which one (Rpi-amr3) successfully provided broad-spectrum blight resistance.A team of scientists from The Sainsbury Laboratory (TSL) and The Genome Analysis Centre (TGAC) have developed a new method to accelerate isolation of plant disease resistance genes. The team...

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Evidence points to widespread loss of ocean oxygen by 2030s

Marine life moves much more slowly in a low-oxygen ocean.Climate change has caused a drop in the amount of oxygen dissolved in the oceans in some parts of the world, and those effects should become evident across large parts...

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No time to get fit? Think again -- just 1 minute of intense exercise produces health benefits

This is Martin Gibala, Professor of Kinesiology, McMaster University.Researchers at McMaster University have found that a single minute of very intense exercise produces health benefits similar to longer, traditional endurance training.

Insect outbreaks reduce wildfire severity

Surprising new University of Vermont research finds that outbreaks by the mountain pine beetle and western spruce budworm can actually reduce wildfire severity.Forest scientists have found an unexpected 'silver lining' to the insect outbreaks that have ravaged millions of trees across western North America.

New curiously scaled beetle species from New Britain named after 'Star Wars' Chewbacca

The new flightless beetle species <i>Trigonopterus chewbacca</i>.Chewbacca, the fictional 'Star Wars' character, has given his name to a new species of flightless beetle, discovered in New Britain, Papua New Guinea. Although Trigonopterus chewbacca was only one...

Soy shows promise as natural anti-microbial agent: Study

Soy isoflavones and peptides may inhibit the growth of microbial pathogens that cause food-borne illnesses, according to a new study from University of Guelph researchers.

New study finds laundry detergent packets more dangerous than other types of detergent

Know the facts about laundry detergent safety and take these safety precautions.A new study conducted by the Center for Injury Research and Policy of the Research Institute at Nationwide Children's Hospital and the Central Ohio Poison Center found that exposure to...

Aerial spraying to combat mosquitos linked to increased risk of autism in children

New research to be presented at the Pediatric Academic Societies 2016 Meeting suggests that the use of airplanes to spray anti-mosquito pesticides may increase the risk of autism spectrum disorder...

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