Quail really know their camouflage
When it comes to camouflage, ground-nesting Japanese quail are experts. That's based on new evidence published online on January 17 in Current Biology that mother quail "know" the patterning of their own eggs and choose laying spots to hide them best. "Not only are the eggs camouflaged, but the birds choose to lay their eggs on a substrate that maximizes camouflage," said P. George Lovell of Abertay University and the University of St Andrews. "Furthermore, the maximization seems specific to individual birds."
Karen Spencer, also of University of St Andrews and a co-author, had earlier noticed that female quail lay eggs that vary a lot in appearance, and that those differences are repeatable. Some birds consistently lay eggs covered in dark spots; others have many fewer spots or, in some cases, almost none at all.
That pattern led the researchers to an intriguing idea: that birds might make optimal egg-laying choices based on the special characteristics of their own eggs. To find out, they gave female quail in the lab a choice between four different backgrounds on which to lay their eggs.
Those choice experiments revealed that most quail mothers lay their eggs on background colors to match the spots on their eggs. That's an effective strategy known as disruptive coloration, in which contrasting patterns on surfaces make the outline of an object harder to detect. Birds laying eggs with little patterning instead choose lighter surfaces to match the predominant background color of their eggs.
The findings suggest that quail in the wild lower the chance that their eggs will be found and eaten by predators through careful decision-making, the researchers say.
"Animals make choices based upon their knowledge of the environment and their own phenotype to maximize their ability to reproduce and survive," Lovell said. "In this specific case, birds know what their eggs look like and can make laying choices that will minimize predation."
Source: Cell Press
- Birds lay eggs that match nesting groundfrom UPIFri, 18 Jan 2013, 0:00:17 EST
- Quail really know their camouflagefrom Science DailyThu, 17 Jan 2013, 22:00:36 EST
- Japanese quails camouflage eggs from predatorsfrom CBC: Technology & ScienceThu, 17 Jan 2013, 16:31:07 EST
- ScienceShot: Camouflaged Quail Eggs Hide in Plain Sightfrom Science NOWThu, 17 Jan 2013, 12:50:09 EST
- Quail Moms Customize Their Egg Camouflagefrom Live ScienceThu, 17 Jan 2013, 12:40:16 EST
- Quail really know their camouflagefrom PhysorgThu, 17 Jan 2013, 12:00:42 EST
Latest Science NewsletterGet the latest and most popular science news articles of the week in your Inbox! It's free!
Check out our next project, Biology.Net
From other science news sites
Popular science news articles
- A clear, molecular view of how human color vision evolved
- Time management skills keep animals primed for survival
- Study on world's biggest animal finds more than 1 population in the southeastern Pacific
- Computational clues into the structure of a promising energy conversion catalyst
- Yellowstone's thermal springs -- their colors unveiled
- Study supports the theory that men are idiots
- Kids' cartoon characters twice as likely to die as counterparts in films for adults
- Herd mentality: Are we programmed to make bad decisions?
- Evidence of Viking/Norse metalworking in Arctic Canada
- NASA Goddard instrument makes first detection of organic matter on Mars