Light-speed nanotech: Controlling the nature of graphene
Researchers at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute have discovered a new method for controlling the nature of graphene, bringing academia and industry potentially one step closer to realizing the mass production of graphene-based nanoelectronics. Graphene, a one-atom-thick sheet of carbon, was discovered in 2004 and is considered a potential heir to copper and silicon as the fundamental building blocks of nanoelectronics.
With help from an underlying substrate, researchers for the first time have demonstrated the ability to control the nature of graphene. Saroj Nayak, an associate professor in Rensselaer's Department of Physics, Applied Physics, and Astronomy, along with Philip Shemella, a postdoctoral research associate in the same department, have determined that the chemistry of the surface on which graphene is deposited plays a key role in shaping the material's conductive properties. The results are based on large-scale quantum mechanical simulations.
Results show that when deposited on a surface treated with oxygen, graphene exhibits semiconductor properties. When deposited on a material treated with hydrogen, however, graphene exhibits metallic properties.
"Depending on the chemistry of the surface, we can control the nature of the graphene to be metallic or semiconductor," Nayak said. "Essentially, we are 'tuning' the electrical properties of material to suit our needs."
Conventionally, whenever a batch of graphene nanostructures is produced, some of the graphene is metallic, while the rest is semiconductor. It would be nearly impossible to separate the two on a large scale, Nayak said, yet realizing new graphene devices would require that they be comprised solely of metallic or semiconductor graphene. The new method for "tuning" the nature of graphene is a key step to making this possible, he said.
Graphene's excellent conductive properties make it attractive to researchers. Even at room temperature, electrons pass through the material effortlessly, near the speed of light and with little resistance. This means a graphene interconnect would likely stay much cooler than a copper interconnect of the same size. Cooler is better, as heat produced by interconnects can have negative effects on both a computer chip's speed and performance.
Source: Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute
- Step by step toward tomorrow's nanomaterialThu, 11 Nov 2010, 10:31:37 EST
- Water could hold answer to graphene nanoelectronicsTue, 26 Oct 2010, 11:23:23 EDT
- Nature Materials study: Graphene 'invisible' to waterMon, 23 Jan 2012, 14:22:25 EST
- Researchers discover material with graphene-like propertiesFri, 14 Oct 2011, 15:37:08 EDT
- Scientists prove graphene's edge structure affects electronic propertiesSun, 15 Feb 2009, 13:31:02 EST
- Light-speed nanotech: Controlling the nature of graphenefrom Science CentricSat, 24 Jan 2009, 11:57:05 EST
- Researchers 'tune' graphene by growing it on different surfacesfrom Science BlogThu, 22 Jan 2009, 22:21:25 EST
- New nanotech system controls graphenefrom UPIThu, 22 Jan 2009, 15:22:11 EST
- Light-speed Nanotechnology: Controlling The Nature Of Graphenefrom Science DailyWed, 21 Jan 2009, 14:49:12 EST
- Researchers 'tune' graphene by growing it on different surfacesfrom Science BlogWed, 21 Jan 2009, 12:28:21 EST
- Light-Speed Nanotech: Controlling the Nature of Graphenefrom Newswise - ScinewsWed, 21 Jan 2009, 11:49:23 EST
Latest Science NewsletterGet the latest and most popular science news articles of the week in your Inbox! It's free!
Learn more about
Check out our next project, Biology.Net
From other science news sites
Popular science news articles
- Allosaurus fed more like a falcon than a crocodile, new study finds
- Invasive crazy ants are displacing fire ants in areas throughout southeastern US
- Beautiful 'flowers' self-assemble in a beaker
- Scientific insurgents say 'Journal Impact Factors' distort science
- GPS solution provides 3-minute tsunami alerts