Lab on chip for membrane proteins
Membrane-associated receptors, channels and transporters are among the most important drug targets for the pharmaceutical industry. The search for new drugs resembles looking for a needle in a haystack. Therefore new analytical techniques are required which facilitate the simultaneous screening of a large library of compounds across a variety of membrane proteins. However, this class of methods is still at the early stages of development. The group of Prof. Dr. Robert Tampé, in collaboration with the Walter Schottky Institute at Technical University Munich, has now presented a novel, automatable lab-on-chip device for high-throughput screening of sensitive membrane proteins. The work is detailed in the journal Nano Letters, where the scientists describe the analysis of membrane proteins on a nano-fabricated chip surface that contains almost 50,000 nanopores. These pores are covered by a freely suspended lipid membrane that incorporates the proteins to be analyzed. Because the lipid membrane is free of organic solvents and the proteins do not touch the solid support, the fragile structure (and therefore function) of the proteins is preserved.
The system can be used to monitor the transport kinetics of membrane proteins by fluorescence microscopy. Due to the parallel design of the nanopore chip, a large number of samples can be analyzed simultaneously.
Source: Goethe University Frankfurt
- Mimicking nature at the nanoscale: Selective transport across a biomimetic nanoporeMon, 20 Jun 2011, 16:37:11 EDT
- Fitting a biological nanopore into a man-made one, new ways to analyze DNAMon, 29 Nov 2010, 11:03:02 EST
- A chaperone system guides tail-anchored membrane proteins to their destined membraneTue, 5 Jul 2011, 11:35:07 EDT
- Three-part handoff delivers proteins to membrane surfaceWed, 24 Aug 2011, 14:35:32 EDT
- Graphene may hold key to speeding up DNA sequencingFri, 10 Sep 2010, 13:57:32 EDT
- Nanopore array allows simultaneous tests in search for new drugsfrom Science DailyTue, 9 Nov 2010, 11:20:33 EST
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