Can dogs read our minds? How do they learn to beg for food or behave badly primarily when we're not looking? According to Monique Udell and her team, from the University of Florida in the US, the way that dogs come to respond to the level of people's attentiveness tells us something about the ways dogs think and learn about human behavior. Their research1, published online in Springer's journal Learning & Behavior, suggests it is down to a combination of specific cues, context and previous experience. Recent work has identified a remarkable range of human-like social behaviors in the domestic dog, including their ability to respond to human body language, verbal commands, and to attentional states. The question is, how do they do it? Do dogs infer humans' mental states by observing their appearance and behavior under various circumstances and then respond accordingly? Or do they learn from experience by responding to environmental cues, the presence or absence of certain stimuli, or even human behavioral cues? Udell and colleagues' work sheds some light on these questions.
Udell and team carried out two experiments comparing the performance of pet domestic dogs, shelter dogs and wolves given the oportunity to beg for food, from either an attentive person or from a person unable to see the animal. They wanted to know whether the rearing and living envi-ronment of the animal (shelter or human home), or the species itself (dog or wolf), had the greater impact on the animal's performance.
They showed, for the first time that wolves, like domestic dogs, are capable of begging successfully for food by approaching the attentive human. This demonstrates that both species - domesticated and non-domesticated - have the capacity to behave in accordance with a human's attentional state. In addition, both wolves and pet dogs were able to rapidly improve their performance with practice.
The authors also found that dogs were not sensitive to all visual cues of a human's attention in the same way. In particular, dogs from a home environment rather than a shelter were more sensitive to stimuli predicting attentive humans. Those dogs with less regular exposure to humans performed badly on the begging task.
According to the researchers, "These results suggest that dogs' ability to follow human actions stems from a willingness to accept humans as social companions, combined with conditioning to follow the limbs and actions of humans to acquire reinforcement. The type of attentional cues, the context in which the command is presented, and previous experience are all important."
- Canine connection: Study explores how dogs think and learn about human behaviorfrom Science DailyThu, 9 Jun 2011, 12:30:37 EDT
- Canine telepathy? Study explores how dogs think and learn about human behaviorfrom PhysorgThu, 9 Jun 2011, 11:30:33 EDT
- Learn to pay attentionfrom PhysorgWed, 8 Jun 2011, 9:30:19 EDT
Latest Science NewsletterGet the latest and most popular science news articles of the week in your Inbox! It's free!
Check out our next project, Biology.Net
From other science news sites
Popular science news articles
- Scientists identify possible key in virus, cancer research
- Caltech chemists solve major piece of cellular mystery
- Future climate models greatly affected by fungi and bacteria
- Moffitt makes important steps toward developing a blood test to catch pancreatic cancer early
- Researchers use DNA 'clews' to shuttle CRISPR-Cas9 gene-editing tool into cells
- Rare nautilus sighted for the first time in 3 decades
- Want a better relationship and a better sex life?
- Unlike boys, girls lose friends for having sex, gain friends for making out
- Record-high pressure reveals secrets of matter
- Massive study reports challenges in reproducing published psychology findings
- Gravitational constant appears universally constant, pulsar study suggests
- California 'rain debt' equal to average full year of precipitation
- Robotic insect mimics Nature's extreme moves
- Special issue: Philae results shed light on the nature of comets
- Researchers find that Earth's magnetic shield is much older than previously thought