Beverages leave 'geographic signatures' that can track people's movements
The bottled water, soda pop, or micro brew-beer that you drank in Pittsburgh, Dallas, Denver or 30 other American cities contains a natural chemical imprint related to geographic location. When you consume these beverage you may leave a chemical imprint in your hair that could be used to track your travels over time, a new study suggests. The findings, believed to be the first concerted effort to describe the use of beverages as a potential tool to investigate the geographic location of people, appears in ACS' bi-weekly Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry. Lesley Chesson and colleagues explain that the body removes hydrogen and oxygen atoms from water (H2O), and beverages containing water, and incorporates them into proteins, including the protein in hair. Hydrogen and oxygen exist in different forms, or isotopes. The proportions of those isotopes vary in a predictable way geographically, with higher values in low-latitude, low-elevation, or coastal regions, for instance, and lower values elsewhere. Since manufacturers usually use local or regional water sources in producing beverages, isotope patterns in hair could serve as a chemical "fingerprint" to pinpoint the geographic region where a person has been.
The scientists analyzed isotope patterns in bottled water, soda pop, and beer from 33 cities and found that patterns in the beverages generally matched those already known for the tap water. They noted that the isotope pattern in beverages tends to vary from city to city in ways that give cities in different regions characteristic "iso-signatures." A person who drinks a beer or soda in Denver, Des Moines, or Dallas, for instance, consumes a different isotope signature than a person in Las Cruces, Las Vegas, or Laramie. The finding may help trace the origin of drinks or help criminal investigators identify the geographic travels of crime suspects and other individuals through analysis of hair strands, the study suggests.
Source: American Chemical Society
- Beverages leave 'geographic signatures' that can track people's movementsfrom Science DailyWed, 30 Jun 2010, 23:21:13 EDT
- Chemical Beverage Signatures Allow Geographical Tracking of People By What They've Been Drinkingfrom PopSciWed, 30 Jun 2010, 14:35:34 EDT
- Beverages leave 'geographic signatures' that can track people's movementsfrom PhysorgWed, 30 Jun 2010, 14:28:22 EDT
Latest Science NewsletterGet the latest and most popular science news articles of the week in your Inbox! It's free!
Learn more about
Check out our next project, Biology.Net
From other science news sites
Popular science news articles
- Scientists reveal the secret of antibiotic-resistant bacteria
- A cleansing rain falls; a soil-filled mist arises
- Concussion outcomes differ among football players from youth to college
- US climate-adaptation plans long on ideas, short on details, priorities
- New interpretation of the Rök runestone inscription changes view of Viking Age
- Volcanoes tied to shifts in Earth's climate over millions of years
- Bourbon or rye? You can't tell the difference, new study says
- DNA barcodes gone wild
- Consuming too much fructose during pregnancy raises the child's risk for heart disease
- Columbia Engineering-led team advances single molecule electronic DNA sequencing