Latest science news in Physics & Chemistry

Unprecedented insight into two-dimensional magnets using diamond quantum sensors

11 hours ago from Science Daily

For the first time, physicists have succeeded in measuring the magnetic properties of atomically thin van der Waals materials on the nanoscale. They used diamond quantum sensors to determine the...

Ice-proof coating for big structures relies on a 'beautiful demonstration of mechanics'

11 hours ago from Science Daily

A new class of coatings that sheds ice effortlessly from even large surfaces has moved researchers closer to their decades-long goal of ice-proofing cargo ships, airplanes, power lines and other...

Bridge over coupled waters: Scientists 3-D-print all-liquid 'lab on a chip'

12 hours ago from Physorg

Researchers at DOE's Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) have 3-D-printed an all-liquid device that, with the click of a button, can be repeatedly reconfigured on demand to serve a...

How to take the 'petro' out of the petrochemicals industry

12 hours ago from Physorg

Fossil fuels are the backbone of the global petrochemicals industry, which provides the world's growing population with fuels, plastics, clothing, fertilizers and more. A new research paper, published today in...

Ice-proof coating for big structures relies on a 'beautiful demonstration of mechanics'

12 hours ago from Physorg

A new class of coatings that sheds ice effortlessly from even large surfaces has moved researchers closer to their decades-long goal of ice-proofing cargo ships, airplanes, power lines and other...

Experiments reveal how hydrogen sticks to graphene

13 hours ago from C&EN

Energy-dissipating ripple may explain how C–H bonds form on the 2-D material

Architecture of the heteromeric GluA1/2 AMPA receptor in complex with the auxiliary subunit TARP {gamma}8

13 hours ago from Science NOW

AMPA-type glutamate receptors (AMPARs) mediate excitatory neurotransmission and are central regulators of synaptic plasticity, a molecular mechanism underlying learning and memory. Although AMPARs act predominantly as heteromers, structural studies have...

What would it take for renewably powered electrosynthesis to displace petrochemical processes?

13 hours ago from Science NOW

Electrocatalytic transformation of carbon dioxide (CO2) and water into chemical feedstocks offers the potential to reduce carbon emissions by shifting the chemical industry away from fossil fuel dependence. We provide...

Imaging covalent bond formation by H atom scattering from graphene

13 hours ago from Science NOW

Viewing the atomic-scale motion and energy dissipation pathways involved in forming a covalent bond is a longstanding challenge for chemistry. We performed scattering experiments of H atoms from graphene and...

Observation of second sound in graphite at temperatures above 100 K

13 hours ago from Science NOW

Wavelike thermal transport in solids, referred to as second sound, is an exotic phenomenon previously limited to a handful of materials at low temperatures. The rare occurrence of this effect...

Low-interfacial toughness materials for effective large-scale deicing

13 hours ago from Science NOW

Ice accretion has adverse effects on a range of commercial and residential activities. The force required to remove ice from a surface is typically considered to scale with the iced...

Phonon-mediated quantum state transfer and remote qubit entanglement

13 hours ago from Science NOW

Phonons, and in particular surface acoustic wave phonons, have been proposed as a means to coherently couple distant solid-state quantum systems. Individual phonons in a resonant structure can be controlled...

Caffeine gives solar cells an energy boost

13 hours ago from Science Daily

Scientists have discovered that caffeine can help make a promising alternative to traditional solar cells more efficient at converting light to electricity. Their research may enable this cost-effective renewable energy...

Developing a model critical in creating better devices

13 hours ago from Science Daily

Chemical engineers have developed a new computational model to better understand the relationship between water and a type of two-dimensional material.

Nuclear weapons might save the world from an asteroid strike – but we need to change the law first

14 hours ago from Physorg

The schlocky 1998 Bruce Willis movie Armageddon was the highest grossing film of that year. The blockbuster saw a master oil driller (Willis) and an unlikely crew of misfits place...

The first laser radio transmitter

14 hours ago from Science Daily

For the first time, researchers have used a laser as a radio transmitter and receiver, paving the way for towards ultra-high-speed Wi-Fi and new types of hybrid electronic-photonic devices.

New technique uses power anomalies to ID malware in embedded systems

14 hours ago from Science Daily

Researchers have developed a technique for detecting types of malware that use a system's architecture to thwart traditional security measures. The new detection approach works by tracking power fluctuations in...

'The Big Bang Theory' takes math notes from Carl Pomerance

14 hours ago from Physorg

A prime number theory equation by mathematics professor emeritus Carl Pomerance turned up on The Big Bang Theory, where it was scrawled on a white board in the background of...

Magnets can help AI get closer to the efficiency of the human brain

14 hours ago from Science Daily

Researchers have developed a process to use magnetics with brain-like networks to program and teach devices such as personal robots, self-driving cars and drones to better generalize about different objects.

Chemical engineers replicate feed, fight and flight responses in catalytic chemical reactions

14 hours ago from Science Daily

Chemical engineers have recreated collaboration and competition responses within a microchamber environment of microscopic particles, sheets, and catalysts, effectively mimicking responses of feeding, fighting, and fleeing.

Battery research: New breakthroughs in research on super-batteries

14 hours ago from Science Daily

Researchers have discovered a means of suppressing singlet oxygen formation in lithium-oxygen batteries in order to extend their useful lives.

AI monitoring store shelves at new Walmart lab

14 hours ago from CBC: Technology & Science

Who's minding the store? In the not-too-distant future it could be cameras and sensors that can tell almost instantly when bruised bananas need to be swapped for fresh ones and...

Avengers: Endgame exploits time travel and quantum mechanics as it tries to restore the universe

15 hours ago from Physorg

At the end of Avengers: Infinity War half the people (including heroes and villains) in the universe were gone in the snap of a finger from Thanos (Josh Brolin).

Developing a model critical in creating better devices

15 hours ago from Physorg

Water is everywhere. Understanding how it behaves at an intersection with another material and how it affects the performance of that material is helpful when trying to develop better products...

Study uncovers new materials interactions that could improve data storage

15 hours ago from Physorg

A new study provides insight into multiferroic materials, which could have substantive implications in fields such as data storage.

Caffeine Peps Up Solar Energy

15 hours ago from Scientific American

The human energizer can also improve the efficiency and stability of perovskite solar cells -- Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

Tracking charge carriers in the molecular crystal at organic pn junction

15 hours ago from Science Daily

In conventional organic solar cells, the electrons exhibit their particle-nature and need to jump between organic molecules in the cell. The conductivity is, therefore, lower than that of crystalline silicon...