In particle physics, the baryon family refers to particles that are made up of three quarks. Quarks form a group of six particles that differ in their masses and charges. The two lightest quarks, the so-called “up” and “down” quarks, form the two atomic components, protons and neutrons. All baryons that are composed of the three lightest quarks (“up”, “down” and “strange” quarks) are known. Only very few baryons with heavy quarks have been observed to date. They can only be generated artificially in particle accelerators as they are heavy and very unstable. Physicists have now detected a baryon with one light and two heavy quarks.
- Fermilab's CDF observes Omega-sub-b baryonMon, 29 Jun 2009, 13:43:56 EDT
- Fermilab experiment discovers a heavy relative of the neutronWed, 20 Jul 2011, 16:39:30 EDT
- Fermilab physicists discover 'doubly strange' particleWed, 3 Sep 2008, 15:49:39 EDT
- Fermilab collider experiments discover rare single top quarkMon, 9 Mar 2009, 12:57:26 EDT
- Hunt for Higgs boson: Mass of top quark narrows searchMon, 7 Dec 2009, 12:45:18 EST