Gender-based pay gaps among US faculty
Before the Equal Pay Act of 1963 was signed into law by President Kennedy, women earned about fifty percent less than men. Nationally, women still earn an average of thirty percent less than men regardless of education, choice of industry, or professional standing. Even some of the most highly educated and qualified women are subject to salary discrimination. A new study published in Psychology of Women Quarterly analyzes the salaries of faculty members at a large, American University and shows a significant gender-based pay gap. The researchers took into account the challenges that are introduced by market-based pay structure and individual human capital factors (education level, experience, rank). Although these factors influence salary directly, it was the gender-based disparity that posed a significant issue to equal pay practice, and clearly favored men. Salary patterns were evaluated separately using two statistical approaches that produced very similar results in regard to the size and direction of a gender pay gap.
"Our findings show that women who wish to challenge pay gaps at their own institution need to systematically and quantitatively approach the situation, especially during a time of economic downturn," said Cheryl B. Travis, lead author and Professor of Psychology at the University of Tennessee.
Despite the fact that gender-based pay equality has not improved much over the past decade, recent equal pay legislation such as the Lilly Ledbetter Fair Pay Act (passed by Obama in 2009) could alleviate this imbalance.
Latest Science NewsletterGet the latest and most popular science news articles of the week in your Inbox! It's free!
Check out our next project, Biology.Net
From other science news sites
Popular science news articles
- Edible food packaging made from milk proteins (video)
- Logged rainforests can be an 'ark' for mammals, extensive study shows
- Rx associated with fracture risk infrequently reduced after fracture occurrence
- Single-celled fungi multiply, alien-like, by fusing cells in host
- Bubble-wrapped sponge creates steam using sunlight
- Discovery of a unique subcellular structure determining the orientation of cell division
- New map of world vegetation reveals substantial changes since 1980s
- How shaping light can change particle behavior
- Work productivity is key factor in assessing recovery of depressed patients
- Study finds 1 in 3 former ICU patients shows symptoms of depression