The 700-year-old Mexican mummy with a tummy ache
Remnants of the bacterium that causes stomach ulcers, Helicobacter pylori, (H. pylori) have been discovered in gastric tissue from North American mummies. A study of human remains believed to predate Columbus' discovery of the New World has shown for the first time that H. pylori infection occurred in native populations, according to research published in BioMed Central's open access journal, BMC Microbiology. Yolanda Lòpez-Vidal and colleagues from the National Autonomous University of Mexico studied the stomach, tongue-soft palate and brains of two naturally mummified corpses - one young boy and one adult male. The researchers looked for the presence of telltale fragments of H. pylori DNA in the remains after amplification by polymerase chain reaction (PCR). According to Lòpez-Vidal, "Our results show that H. pylori infections occurred around 1350AD in the area we now know as Mexico".
Although previous research has suggested that H. pylori was present in these communities, this is the first evidence that it caused gastric infections. Lòpez-Vidal explains, "It is only through the use of the stomach tissue of these incredible mummies that we were able to make this discovery. Infection is established when the micro-organism infiltrates the stomach lining and induces a local inflammatory response. This is unlike colonisation, which does not cause such a response and does not occur in the stomach".
As well as stomach ulcers, H. pylori causes gastritis, duodenitis, and cancer. It is a helix-shaped bacteria that is believed to be transmitted by the ingestion of food or water contaminated with faecal matter.
Source: BioMed Central
Articles on the same topic
- Stomach bug appears to protect kids from asthma, says NYU studyTue, 15 Jul 2008, 0:42:15 EDT
- Mexican mummy with a tummy achefrom Science CentricTue, 15 Jul 2008, 13:00:15 EDT
- Stomach Bug Appears To Protect Kids From Asthma, Says New Studyfrom Science DailyTue, 15 Jul 2008, 9:07:36 EDT
- The 700-year-old Mexican mummy with a tummy achefrom PhysorgTue, 15 Jul 2008, 6:07:21 EDT
- Ulcer Bacterium Found In 700 Year-Old Mexican Mummyfrom Scientific BloggingTue, 15 Jul 2008, 0:42:09 EDT
- The 700-year-old Mexican Mummy With A Tummy Achefrom Science DailyMon, 14 Jul 2008, 21:21:12 EDT
Latest Science NewsletterGet the latest and most popular science news articles of the week in your Inbox! It's free!
Learn more about
Check out our next project, Biology.Net
From other science news sites
Popular science news articles
- Antarctic ice sheet is result of CO2 decrease, not continental breakup
- Pesticide DDT linked to slow metabolism, obesity and diabetes
- Hubble shows farthest lensing galaxy yields clues to early universe
- Vocal variety in African penguins
- Scientists reproduce evolutionary changes by manipulating embryonic development of mice
- Stanford team achieves 'holy grail' of battery design: A stable lithium anode
- Common blood thinner for pregnant women proven ineffective: Lancet study
- New research suggests Saharan dust is key to the formation of Bahamas' Great Bank
- Dinosaurs fell victim to perfect storm of events, study shows
- New hope for powdery mildew resistant barley
- Smithsonian scientist and collaborators revise timeline of human origins
- Meet the gomphothere: UA archaeologist involved in discovery of bones of elephant ancestor
- New view of Rainier's volcanic plumbing
- Domestication syndrome: White patches, baby faces and tameness
- Extinct human cousin gave Tibetans advantage at high elevation